Health … the priority of the agenda in the Saudi presidency of the “twenty”

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          The Leaders Summit attests to the commitment to the “Four T's”: “Meeting Needs,” “Manufacturing”, “Distribution” and “Fair Cost”            </p><div itemprop="articleBody">
          <p>The Group of Twenty has led vigorous efforts to address the new Coronavirus (Covid-19) file on its health agenda, making recommendations and commitments to raise the state of preparedness regarding the current pandemic, and international cooperation to monitor emerging diseases, deal with future pandemics, and raise funding for research and development in the field of vaccines and medicines, In addition to pledges of about 21 billion dollars.

The “Riyadh Summit 2020” assured the G20 leaders of mobilizing the necessary resources and adhering to the four Ds, namely “meeting urgent needs”, “industrialization”, “distribution” and “fair cost”.

The importance of the group comes in the fact that its members represent about 80 percent of the global economic output, which makes it the focus of attention of various countries and organizations of the world, such as the World Health Organization, as the group has a great influence in uniting the efforts of various countries to find solutions, as it includes leaders from all Continents, representing developed and developing countries.

The group not only explored solutions to address the pandemic from its economic dimension only, but also put in addition to that the human dimension, and affirmed its commitment to take all necessary health measures, and its work to ensure adequate financing to contain the pandemic and protect individuals, especially those who are most at risk, along with its commitment to providing assistance To all countries in need of support, and its recommendation to consolidate advanced therapy and precision medicine research to enhance personalized care.

This is what strengthens the group’s role in working on insight into the future, as it sought, at its fifteenth session this year, which is chaired by Saudi Arabia, to develop solutions, recommendations, research, and billions of pledges, in addition to gathering about 700 researchers representing 500 research centers around the world, to enrich politics with research miscellaneous.

The closing statement of the fifteenth session of the G20 leaders’ summit in Saudi Arabia, last week, included items confirming the “twenty” members’s endeavor to mobilize the necessary resources to meet urgent financing needs in the field of global health to support research, development, manufacturing and distribution of diagnostic tools, treatments and vaccines that are safe and effective for the emerging corona virus. .

In the following final statement, the leaders said, “We will spare no effort to ensure their equitable access to all at an affordable cost, in line with the members’ commitments to stimulate innovation.”

The leaders stressed that they are taking immediate and exceptional measures to confront the pandemic and its interrelated health, social and economic impacts, stressing their commitment on the health side to strengthening preparedness measures to confront global pandemics, prevention, detection and response to them, reaffirming their commitment to full compliance with the International Health Regulations, and improving their implementation procedures. .

The same statement referred to the leaders’ affirmation of the importance of financing universal health coverage in developing countries, welcoming the establishment of a global innovation center to improve value in the field of health, in which countries can participate in it on a voluntary basis.

But before that, precisely at the beginning of the pandemic, the leaders of the group mandated the health ministers of their countries to meet, as needed, share national best practices, and prepare a package of urgent measures on coordinating efforts to combat the pandemic, which has already been done.

Early preparations

Last March, with the start of the global outbreak of the virus, leaders of the G20 countries held a hypothetical extraordinary summit chaired by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz, to discuss ways to move forward in coordinating global efforts to combat the pandemic and limit its humanitarian and economic impact.

The summit affirmed, in a statement, at the time, that their top priority is to combat the pandemic and its interrelated health, social and economic consequences, noting that the process of dealing with the pandemic requires a strong, coordinated and broad-based international response based on scientific evidence and the principle of international solidarity, as they stressed their commitment to forming a front. United to face this common danger.

Obligations to overcome

The G20 has also committed to doing everything possible to overcome this pandemic, in cooperation with the World Health Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank Group, the United Nations and other international organizations, based on the powers conferred on it.

In the context of combating the pandemic, the group affirmed in the same statement their commitment to take all necessary health measures, to work to ensure adequate financing to contain the epidemic virus and to protect individuals, especially those most at risk, to share information in a timely and transparent manner, and to exchange data related to epidemiology and clinical data, Sharing materials needed to conduct research and development, and to strengthen global health systems.

It did not stop at that, but rather added expanding production capabilities to meet the increasing demand for medical supplies, ensuring that they are available on a large scale, at affordable prices, and based on the principle of equity in the areas where they are most in need, and as soon as possible, and providing full support to the World Health Organization, And strengthening the framework of the powers vested in it to coordinate international efforts aimed at combating the pandemic, including the protection of front-line workers in the health field, and the provision of medical supplies, especially diagnostic tools, treatments, medicines and vaccines.

Research centers

Last June, the “T20 20” thought group addressed a research proposal to combat the virus, through 11 research tracks devoted to “Corona” research, and the track includes 5 axes that include the health, financial, economic, educational and climatic sectors, and the researchers have since started working on them, to deliver them At the end of last July, more than 700 researchers, representing 500 research centers around the world, participated in it to enrich the policies that the leaders of the G20 countries could work on, which is voluntary research.

$ 21 billion

Last June, the G20 countries pledged to pump billions of dollars to fight the pandemic throughout the year, as the group said at the time: “The G20 and the invited countries led global efforts to support the fight against the Coronavirus pandemic, which has resulted to date in pledges of more than 21 billion dollars, To support global health financing ».

Saudi Arabia, the head of the group, had provided $ 500 million to support global efforts to combat the pandemic, allocating $ 150 million to the Alliance for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), $ 150 million to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI), and $ 200 million to other international and regional specialized health organizations and programs. .

The Ten Recommendations

The Science Group in the “Twenty”, in its final statement of the group summit, which came under the title “Future Foresight: The Role of Science in Overcoming Critical Transitions”, formulated 10 recommendations submitted to the heads of state of the group. More than 180 scientists participated in the drafting of them, in which representatives participated. The National Academies of Sciences and a number of scientific organizations from the G20 countries.

The meeting stressed the importance of enhancing future insight based on scientific foundations and data and its important role in helping decision-makers adopt effective solutions that contribute to reducing the negative effects of critical future transformations, which may have long-term negative effects around the world, such as those witnessed by the world. Currently, with the Corona pandemic. The 10 recommendations included raising the state of preparedness regarding the current pandemic towards an international cooperative framework for monitoring emerging diseases, rapid response to them, and dealing with future pandemics, in addition to consolidating advanced treatment and precision medicine research to enhance personalized care, simultaneously with improving technology, cost and accessibility of treatments.

The recommendations included the establishment of a platform through which to implement and strengthen international cooperation, and build confidence in future foresight research and activities, in addition to activating the policies taken to confront challenges arising from demographic shifts, and many other recommendations.







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