Scientists have called these floods a “raging flood”, and it is likely that they are caused by the collision of an asteroid or comet with the red planet, heating it and unleashing the ice stored on the surface of Mars.
According to the British “Daily Mail” website, water up to 78 feet deep erupted through the crater at a speed of 32 feet per second, leaving behind gigantic ripples. It evolved on Mars four billion years ago as well. ”
According to Izzat Haydari, co-author of the study: “The ripples resulting from the floods – also known as antidunes – reach a height of 30 feet and spread over 450 feet.”
“We have identified massive water for the first time using the detailed sedimentary data observed by the Curiosity rover,” said co-author Alberto J. Ferren. “The sediments left by the giant floods were not previously identified by the orbiting vehicle data.”
Haydari explained that the antibodies seen in the data from NASA are identical to the features that were formed by melting ice on Earth about two million years ago.
On Mars, the release of frozen water reserves would likely require a major impact that released carbon dioxide, methane and ice as water vapor, and the researchers claim that water vapor and gases combined to produce a short period of warmth and moisture that could have led to the evolution of life.
“The warm and humid climate persisted even after the floods ended, but its duration could not be determined from our study,” the team wrote in their paper.