China is preparing to send A spacecraft to the moon later this month To collect the first samples of rocks and dust to bring them back to Earth for the first time in more than 40 years, with the Chinese mission Chang’e-5, as it will have only one lunar day to collect material from a previously unexplored area of the near side of the moon before returning to Earth.
According to the British newspaper “Daily Mail”, the last time rock samples from the surface of the moon were brought back to Earth was from the last mission of Apollo back home in December 1972.
China is one of only three countries, including the Soviet Union and the United States, that have succeeded in an easy landing on the surface of our closest celestial neighbor, and the rocks will help scientists better determine the date of the last known volcanic activity on the surface of the Moon, as it is believed to have been a billion years ago. To 3.5 billion years ago.
The spacecraft will take off from the Wenchang Satellite Launch Center on Hainan Island on November 24 on the Long March 5 rocket, and land in the northern Oceanus Procellarum – a vast lava plain on the surface of the moon.
It was originally scheduled to be launched in 2017, but an engine failure in the launch rocket delayed take-off, and is finally expected this year.
The mission is also designed to collect dust and debris samples from a previously unexplored area of the near side of the moon and return them to Earth, and this will enable scientists to better study the composition of the moon and better understand its age, rocks and minerals on the surface of the moon.
The mission takes place after the vehicle enters the lunar orbit, where the probe and the ascendant separate and descend to the surface near Mons Romker, a volcanic complex with a height of 1,300 miles, and after landing, the probe will drill up to six and a half feet into the ground, extend a robotic arm and release up to 4 Pounds of material ready to go back to Earth.