What does it mean to discover water on the surface of Mars and what is its importance?


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Cairo – By Mohamed Salah – NASA discovered water on the surface of the moonlit with the light of the sun for the first time, and researchers suggested that in some cases, small patches of ice may exist in permanent shadows, the size of which is no more than a small coin. The researchers also explored phenomena on the moon called “traps.” Cold, which are shaded areas of the surface that are in a state of eternal darkness, and it is believed that many of these areas have remained without a single ray of sunlight for billions of years.

What are the implications of the NASA discoveries? What does it mean for the future of lunar exploration? Are there pools of water on the moon?

According to the British “Metro” website, the short answer is no, as water particles have been discovered in the southern hemisphere of the moon in Clavius ​​crater, and the crater and the surrounding area is one of the largest craters that can be seen from the earth, and the particles, which are believed to be trapped in Glass-like granules, so spread out that they do not form ice or liquid water.

What does this discovery mean for the future of space travel? Water is very important for deep space exploration, as it can be converted into oxygen for astronauts to breathe and drink, and it can be a source of fuel, but water is heavy, so launching it from the surface of the Earth is expensive, explained Jacob Bleacher, chief exploration scientist at NASA’s Human Exploration and Operations Directorate : “Anytime we do not need to fill in water for our voyage, we have the opportunity to take other useful items with us, and the ability to use the water already on the surface of the moon will be a great help for us in exploring the moon. However, it is not yet known whether it will be accessible.” The water discovered on the sunlit surface to be used as a resource “But how did the scientists find the water?

NASA’s Stratosphere Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (Sophia) found these particles flying at altitudes of up to 45,000 feet, and using the Sophia (Forcast) faint-infrared camera, Sophia was able to capture the specific wavelength of water molecules.


Is there enough water to last the astronauts if they could get there?

The data reveals the presence of water at concentrations of 100 to 412 parts per million – roughly equivalent to a 12-ounce bottle of water – trapped in a cubic meter of soil spread over the surface of the moon, and experts say it is an important finding because they now know that the water is outside some of the dark craters. Really difficult to access or work with.

If the water is in sunlight, why does it not evaporate?

Daytime temperatures near the lunar equator reach 120 degrees Celsius, while nighttime temperatures may drop to minus 130 degrees Celsius, and the poles of the moon are colder, but Casey Honibal, the lead writer who published the results of his graduate thesis at the University Hawaii in Manoa, Honolulu, explained that the water is protected by the beads trapped in it. Water is to stay on the surface of the moon, water is trapped, so it is able to withstand the harsh conditions of the moon.

What will happen next?

The follow-up flights in Sofia will search for water at additional sunlit sites and during the various phases of the moon to learn more about how water is produced, stored and transported through the moon, and will add data to the work of future lunar missions, such as the NASA spacecraft to explore the volatile polarity (Viper), To create the moon’s first water resource maps for future human space exploration.

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