What is the Artemis accord? What are its goals?
NASA describes the agreement as A broad and diverse alliance Of countries committed to specific criteria for moon exploration. NASA has begun work on the draft agreement Since last May Based on the United Nations Treaty on Outer Space of 1967. Its efforts culminated on October 13 with the accession of 7 countries to the agreement, namely: the United Arab Emirates, Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg and the United Kingdom.
The agreement’s name is linked to NASA’s Artemis program, which aims to send the first woman to the moon by 2024. You can read more about it. Details of the Artemis program in our article on the topic.
The agreement lays down A practical set of principles To direct space cooperation between countries participating in NASA’s plans to explore the moon during the twenty-first century, and the most important of these principles are:
- Peaceful explorationThe objectives of any activities within the Artemis program must be peaceful.
- Transparency: The signatories of the Artemis Agreement are committed to the transparency of all their activities to avoid any conflict or confusion.
- Harmonic: Signatories to the agreement seek to support the development of systems that work together to improve safety and sustainability conditions.
- Emergency help: Signatories undertake to make every effort to provide aid to people in dangerous circumstances.
- Publish scientific data: Signatories are obligated to publicly publish scientific data allowing the whole world to join the efforts of Artemis.
- Space resources: Signatories affirm that their activities in the extraction and investment of space resources are in line with the Outer Space Treaty.
- Conflict Resolution: The signatories undertake to prevent any harmful interference and support the principles of the Outer Space Treaty in this regard.
- Space debris: State signatories commit to planning for the safe disposal of space debris.
NASA Administrator Jim Braidenstein, in Virtual meeting to sign the agreement: “The agreement means creating rules of conduct that all countries can agree upon in order to preserve peace and prosperity in moving forward into space, and avoiding any kind of ambiguity that might lead to conflict.” “There is nothing in the Artemis Accords that is not written in the Outer Space Treaty, and the agreement seeks to push countries to abide by the Outer Space Treaty,” he added.
The UAE is one of the 8 countries that sign the Artemis Agreement
At the signing ceremony, Minister Sarah Al-Amiri said: “We are pleased to participate in the US agency NASA’s initiative to sign the Artemis Agreement, in line with our principles for the peaceful use of space, and the UAE’s contribution to promoting the goals of sustainability and development on the planet.” She added: “Accession to this agreement constitutes a new chapter, adding to our relentless initiatives for cooperation with the international community. Seeking to develop new and developed principles and frameworks that enhance international laws for space exploration in the interest of the scientific progress of mankind.
Today, along with 7 countries, they signed the “Artemis Agreement” with the US space agency NASA. The agreement aims to strengthen global space cooperation and unify efforts with partners to ensure a safe and peaceful space future. pic.twitter.com/DbX6dQ9JyC
– Sarah Al Amiri (@ SarahAmiri1) October 13, 2020
The UAE Space Agency’s signature of the Artemis Agreement confirms the prestigious position that the United Arab Emirates occupied in a limited club from developed countries. It represents a new step within an accelerated march of the country’s important achievements in the space field; Where it launched many satellites to serve humanity. It also launched the Emirates Astronaut Program, which achieved a historic achievement last year with the successful launch of the first Emirati and Arab astronaut to the International Space Station. It also launched successfully last July Hope probe Within the UAE project to explore Mars. Last month, it launched a nanometric satellite.Muzn sat“To the Earth’s atmosphere, revealed Her plans to explore the moon With Emirati hands and expertise. Since its establishment in 2014, the Emirates Space Agency has succeeded in concluding agreements and memoranda of understanding and entering into partnerships that consolidate strategic relations with more than 20 space agencies around the world.