Hanna Ibrahim returns to the “red curse”


Haifa | Last week, the Palestinian literary movement in the Galilee lost one of its most important and oldest voices, the storyteller, poet and communist activist Hanna Ibrahim, at the age of 93, after years of retiring from public appearances due to the troubles and burdens of healthy aging. Hanna Ibrahim was born to a middle-class family in the town of Al-Ba’nah, in the Palestinian Shaghour, in 1927, and graduated from “Acre High School” before joining in 1945 at the “Palestinian Police School” during the British mandate over Palestine, from which he graduated as a gendarme, and served until the Nakba. In May 1948 he joined the National Liberation League. The Palestinian Communist Organization, which Emil Habibi and Emile Touma were among its founders, and participated with its comrades in the League in strengthening the steadfastness of the people of Galilee and preventing their displacement.In September 1948, he participated in bringing the historical publication of the “National Liberation League” to Al-Shaghour and distributing it, which was the leaflet in which the Palestinian Communists accepted the “partition decision” in an attempt to salvage what could be saved from the country. During that, he was arrested by the Salvation Army and accused of high treason, and he was sentenced to death, and while he was awaiting execution, the Salvation Army fled with his judiciary and his judiciary, leaving the Palestinians facing their fate alone, and he escaped.
After the establishment of “Israel” in 1948, he joined the Communist Party and fought in its ranks. He was among the editors of the “Al-Jadid” cultural magazine that the party had established in the early 1950s in Haifa, and it became the most important Palestinian cultural magazine after the Nakba.
He worked for many years as a stonecutter and mason by day, as a party professional and as a writer at night, and he continued in this situation until the early sixties, when he moved to work as director of the printing presses of the Haifa newspaper “Al-Ittihad”. He traveled to Moscow in the mid-sixties to study socialist philosophy in the party school. He learned the Russian language and translated some of the stories and poems that he published in “The Union” and “Al Jadid” and in the Communist Party press.
He founded the first cell of the Communist Party in his country, the Banah, (the country of the artist Muhammad Bakri, also), which was later known thanks to him, and thanks to the Communists of his generation, as the “red curse”, and he was elected in 1978 as the first elected council president for his town. Since the beginning of the eighties, he devoted himself to literary writing in which he presented a number of remarkable fictional and poetic works. He began with his first collection “Wild Flowers” ​​(1972), after which his literary works, a story, poetry and a novel, followed, and he issued: “The Home Scent” (Stories – 1979), and “ A Voice from Al-Shaghour (Poetry – 1981), “Alienation in the Homeland” (1980’s stories), and “An Nasheed to the People” (Poetry 1992).
During the nineties, he accumulated a number of novel experiences. He presented “The Pains of the Holy Land” (1997 novel), “Moses the Palestinian” (novel – 1998), and “A Bird from Morocco” (Novel 2000), all of which were published by “Publications Aswar »in Acre, who was its honorary president until he retired from his public activities due to the troubles of old age, at the beginning of the new millennium. In parallel, he presented his inspiring autobiography “Memories of a Young Man Who Was Not Strange” (1996), in which he reviewed the events of an entire Palestinian century, whose generation were witnesses to his dreams and disappointments. He also strengthened the values ​​and meanings of staying in the homeland and the struggle “from within the Great Prison” that were central themes in most of His literary works and most of his political activity.

He reinforced the patriotism and struggle values ​​that were central to his literary works

In 1989, with the signs of the collapse of the countries of the socialist system, he was a supporter of the policy of perestroika, and he was dismissed from the Communist Party against this background, but he remained a Marxist until his last breath, and he used to reiterate that the error of Marxism was in application and not in theory, and he – until his departure – considered Himself “the last of the true Marxist communists,” he said.
Among his many exploits, a hymn chanted by thousands of throats over a period of decades, without being widely known as his “author”, which is the hymn that the masses chanted during the Palestinian Land Day demonstrations in 1976, and in all subsequent national events on Land Day:
“The one who called out in the Galilee / Arab Land of the Arabs
Our Majesty you have no equal / your soil is more precious than gold
We are not willing to live humiliated / even if we are to hell with wood »

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