The US space agency “NASA” has confirmed, for the first time, the presence of water on the surface of the moon. It announced the discovery of small pockets of ice that could provide enough oxygen, water and rocket fuel to support a human colony.
According to the agency, water is easily accessible on the sunlit surface of the moon, and not only in the permanently shaded deep craters in Antarctica, as was previously thought.
According to a newspaper The Daily Mail Separate research has found that these “cold traps”, which are always in the shade, can contain up to 15,000 square miles (40,000 square kilometers) of water..
But this discovery confirms the presence of water, and means that future missions to the moon can be prolonged by taking advantage of these water molecules scattered across the moon, as NASA says that by discovering this, it is conclusive and unquestionable evidence of the presence of water on the surface of the moonlit with sunlight.
Astronauts can use the natural resource, which may have arrived through comets or solar winds, and convert it into oxygen or drinking water to maintain a future colony..
Scientists also say that water could be used to make rocket fuel, and reduce mission costs to make space travel easier and cheaper through planets..
Researchers previously expected that water only exists in cold pits and were unable to prove that it is water and not a similar molecule called hydroxyl, which is found in a sewage cleaner..
NASA’s research used a converted Boeing 747 that flies around the earth at an altitude of more than 41,000 feet called “Sophia”, and was tasked with explaining the results published in 2009, which discovered molecular hydrogen and oxygen on the surface of the moon, because astronomers could not determine What if the water (H20) Or hydroxyls (OH), Due to the similarity in their chemical signature.
“The problem was that the signature of water ice that was found before was just telling us that there are oxygen and hydrogen atoms bound together,” said Dr. Nick Tuthill, a physicist at Western Sydney University, who was not involved in the research. “On Earth, this is it.” Basically water, but on the moon, you can’t be sure“.
The problem was a limitation of equipment using a wavelength of three micrometers, which could not distinguish between hydroxyl minerals and water.
Sophia, short for the Stratosphere Observatory of Infrared Astronomy, set off equipped with a unique six-micrometer sensor that detects the “fundamental vibration of molecular water” that is completely unique to water..
Sophia’s study found water particles in Clavius, one of the largest craters visible from Earth, located in the southern hemisphere of the moon.