Rust on the surface of the moon … a new astronomical mystery


Scientists have reached a conclusion that seems strange, which is that there is “rust” on the surface of the moon, but this rust is getting worse.
The reason for the strangeness of this summary is that in order to rust, it needs two basic components: water and oxygen.
And CNN reported that the scientists had found evidence to prove this.
The Indian probe “Chandrayaan 1” orbited the moon in 2008, and collected data that led to many discoveries in the following years, including the discovery of water molecules on its surface.
The probe was a technology designed by the US Aeronautics and Space Administration, “NASA”, that can analyze the mineral composition of the moon.
When researchers from “NASA” and the Hawaiian Institute of Geophysics analyzed the probe data, they were stunned when they noticed signs of “hematite”, a form of iron oxide known as rust.
The researchers said that there are large amounts of iron-rich rocks on the moon, but that rust is only produced when the iron is exposed to oxygen and water.
And Abigail Freeman, a researcher at NASA, said, “At the beginning, I did not believe that completely, it is assumed that rust is not present in the moon according to its conditions.”
Not only is the moon empty of air, but its surface is covered with hydrogen that flows from the sun and is carried by the solar wind.
Rust results when oxygen removes electrons from iron, but hydrogen does the opposite, adding electrons, which means that rust is difficult to form.
“It’s very confusing,” said Shuai Li, lead author of the study published in the journal Science Advance. “The moon is a hard environment for hematite.”
After months of continuous research, Lee and his colleagues at NASA were able to reach a theory that it is related to planet Earth.
They say that rust was present on the side of the moon closest to Earth, indicating that it is connected in some way to Earth.


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