A survey conducted by “Okaz” revealed the most prominent professions that have not yet been approved, the reasons that have led to their non-settlement and the obstacles facing decisions to resettle all professions. It is headed by a general accountant and sales manager, as well as a procurement representative, a nurse in the health sector, in addition to a warehouse keeper, in addition to an account manager, a medical secretary, an executive secretary, an account clerk, a dental consultant, a general health dental consultant, a dentist, and a consultant surgery Mouth and teeth, and according to the survey, the most prominent reasons that led to the cessation of the resettlement of these professions are the reliance on profitability criteria in the comparison between the citizen and the expatriate, as well as the ability of workers to adapt with Saudi institutions and companies in terms of wages, qualification and training, in addition to the lack of training and the desire of institutions for some youth And companies are hiring workers instead of Saudis.70% of these jobs are redeemed
Dr. Salem Baajjah believes that the Saudization plans during recent years have resulted in the creation of thousands of jobs in a large number of diverse economic sectors, and have raised the participation rates of Saudis in the private sector, and among the jobs that have not been Saudized, a doctor specializing in oral and dental surgery, a dentist, a dental consultant, as well as a representative profession Sales, as well as account manager, warehouse keeper, pharmacist, nurse, sales manager, general accountant and purchasing representative, and the reason is due to the lack of qualified Saudis.
He pointed out that many professions have been successfully localized in recent years. Most notably, sales outlets in car and bicycle stores, office and home furniture, household utensils, ready-to-wear stores and men’s supplies, by 70%, with the aim of localizing 30,000 jobs.
Localize 20,000 accountants
Member of the Saudi Economic Association, Dr. Abdullah Al-Maghlouth, said that Saudi Arabia began implementing the process of localizing jobs in recent years This resulted in the creation of thousands of jobs in a large number of economic sectors, which reduced the unemployment rate to its lowest levels. The Ministry of Human Resources decided to localize a number of leadership and specialized departments and professions in the tourism sector, and on March 21 launched an initiative to localize pharmacy professions with the aim of empowering qualified national cadres to work in the field. A memorandum of understanding signed in March of last year also between the Ministry of Resources, the Saudi Organization for Certified Public Accountants and the Human Resources Development Fund “Hadaf” stipulated the resettlement of 20,000 accounting jobs in the private sector by the end of 2022.
On the way .. Saudization of groceries
According to Dr. Al-Maghlouth, Saudi Arabia implemented a project of localizing several activities early last year, including stores of medical devices and equipment, construction and construction materials, auto parts, carpets of all kinds, and sweets, and imposes a fine of 20 thousand riyals (5.3 thousand dollars) for violators of the resettlement decisions. The authorities also strengthened the business localization policy in 2018; And it announced that work in 41 activities and professions in the tourism and non-profit sectors and closed markets, in the Madinah region, will be limited to Saudi men and women.
In August 2018, the Ministry of Resources signed an agreement with 18 government agencies to localize 11 new sectors, including professions in the medical sectors, accounting, law, development of employment paths, communications and information technology, industry, engineering consultancy and trade, tourism, retail, transport, and contracting. The ministry excluded some professions from Emiratisation, including professions that require precise specialization, at a time when it was announced in the same year that 21,000 job opportunities would be provided in the car rental outlets sector for Saudis, and a mechanism was developed in coordination with the General Authority for Small and Medium Enterprises regarding the activities targeted for Emiratisation, and the mechanism is adopted. On the size of the establishment, so that the Saudization percentage increases with the increase of the facility, and the percentage reaches 70%, and there is a study to localize grocery outlets.
Recruiting them in some occupations is difficult
One of the reasons that may lead to the postponement and non-Saudisation of some professions in the Kingdom, according to Dr. Al-Maghlouth, is that some jobs face special obstacles due to the reliance on profitability criteria in the comparison between citizen and expatriate as well as the ability of expatriate workers to adapt to institutions and companies.
One of the obstacles facing the localization of jobs is that a large part of job seekers lack experience in the labor market and hold high school diplomas and diplomas, and part of them hold university degrees, which makes it difficult to employ this segment in major jobs.
He adds that the retail sector is one of the large sectors that create large jobs for job seekers, especially since there are many jobs in retail that do not require much experience, and the Ministry of Human Resources has worked on leadership and qualitative jobs, including the localization of the engineering sector and the health sector, and the ministry studies many related disciplines In the engineering and health sector, and is keen to research the sectors targeted for Emiratisation before its launch, by studying the market and getting to know job applicants in those sectors, so that the study includes all regions of the Kingdom.
Shura with reducing non-Saudi leaderships
Dr. Al-Maghlouth believes that the Saudi Shura Council is close to approving the amendment of the second paragraph of Article 26 of the Labor Law, which is concerned with determining the percentage of Saudis in private sector establishments, and focusing on the localization of leaders at 75%. The Council considers the reduction of expatriate workers’ acquisition of a large percentage of senior positions and leadership positions in the private sector almost complete possession in some pivotal sectors in the Saudi economy, which represents a real threat to the Emiratisation programs and initiatives, and this affects the survival and continuation of Saudi workers and thus their transfer from one job to another and this It will not lead, in the short or long term, to Saudi youth gaining job experiences in a specific field in which they can be promoted to better positions in the facility.
He added that the nationalization of leaders today has become an urgent matter in light of the availability of a large number of Saudis who hold university degrees and higher degrees in various disciplines, especially returning scholarships, as well as graduates of Saudi universities who want to work seriously and build their capacities for leadership and management, and they all need to open horizons for them and develop Career paths for them to earnestly take over the leadership of those institutions and establishments in the private sector. This will only be achieved through the establishment of regulations that explicitly stipulate the mandatory nationalization of leadership positions in the private sector.
There is a significant segment of Saudi youth who have proven distinction at the local, regional and international levels, especially those that have been given real opportunities for training, qualification and gaining experience within Saudi and international companies and giant, known for their colossal institutional capabilities in refining talents and experiences and providing real and clear paths for promotions and career progression to reach leadership positions. Therefore, obligating the work system for companies and institutions to achieve a rate of localization of 75% for leadership positions will motivate those companies and institutions to follow the approach of giant companies and thus create opportunities and provide leadership jobs for Saudi youth.