Meanwhile, the leader of the scientific data analysis team of the Emirates Mars Exploration Project, Eng. Hessa Rashid Al Matroushi, confirmed that the studies that the Hope Probe will conduct will allow identifying the water cycle in Mars, as well as identifying the causes of water loss from this planet over the years.
The probe was successfully launched from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan at dawn on July 19 towards Mars, while it is expected to reach its orbit in February 2021, coinciding with the country’s celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the founding of the federation.
In detail, the leader of the scientific data analysis team at the Emirates Exploration Mars Project, Eng. Hessa Rashid Al Matroushi, emphasized the importance of the study that the Hope Probe will undertake for the upper envelope of Mars, and this coat can be divided into two layers: The first is known as the “thermal layer” and extends from 100 Up to 200 km, and the second outer layer above the 200 km mark.
Al-Matroushi said in an introductory video broadcast on the official page of the Emirates Exploration Mars Project on the social networking site “Twitter”: “The Hope Probe will study the Martian thermal layer because it is a distinct layer, since its structure depends on the state of the lower atmosphere as well as on the upper solar activities, which allows the possibility of linking cases And the dynamics of the lower atmosphere with the escape of hydrogen and oxygen gases (the two main components of water) from the Red Planet, ”explaining that the Hope Probe will allow, through this study, to identify the water cycle in Mars, as well as to determine the causes of water loss from this planet over the years.
Al-Matroushi, a member of the core working group of the Hope Probe, indicated that the probe will be concerned with providing daily information about Mars through understanding the relationship and interactions between the layers of the atmosphere, and how what is happening in the lower layers of the atmosphere on Mars affects the upper layers. He will be interested in discovering the causes of the erosion of the Red Planet’s atmosphere, which has resulted in the lack of a suitable environment for life on the planet.
She stated that this mission will be accomplished through three highly advanced scientific devices designed to collect the largest amount of information about the climate of Mars, which are the “Infrared Spectrometer” and the “UV Spectrophotometer”, in addition to the “Exploration Camera” »That was manufactured and installed at the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center, with young Emirati minds and hands, and underwent several stages of testing, construction and careful examinations during the manufacturing and preparation of the probe.
According to the schedule of the Hope Probe’s journey to Mars, the probe will enter its orbit on the red planet after less than 150 days, coinciding with the country’s celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the United Arab Emirates in February 2021, and the process of entering the capture orbit around Mars will be 100% independent. Without the intervention of the Emirates Mars Exploration team, which will not be able to deal with the probe due to the delay of the radio signals emanating from it, which will take between 13 and 26 minutes to reach Earth.
Once the process of entering the orbit of Mars is complete, the “probe of hope” will be blocked by Mars, and when the probe exits from the dark side of Mars, it will be reconnected again, and only then can the team confirm the success of the maneuver to enter the capture orbit around Mars.
The official website of the Emirates Mars Exploration Project stated that the “Emirati Exploration Camera” accompanying the Hope Probe on its journey to Mars is a multi-wavelength radiation camera, capable of capturing visual images of Mars at 12 megapixels.
He explained that the camera will take high-resolution color digital images of the red planet during sandstorms, study the lower layer of the Martian atmosphere through the visible spectrum and ultraviolet wavelengths, measure the percentage of water ice in the lower layer of the atmosphere, and measure the amount of ozone.
– The probe will enter its orbit, coinciding with the state’s celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the founding of the UAE federation.
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