What are the most prominent issues revealed by the documents about the Saudi role in Yemen?
It showed the kingdom’s lack of action to stop the Houthis from storming Sanaa despite the Saudi intelligence recommendation.
About the South file, how did Saudi Arabia manage this file?
Saudi Arabia was treating the separation of southern Yemen as one of the main options for resolving what it describes as the “South issue”.
Secret documents belonging to the Saudi government revealed that the Kingdom’s strategy in Yemen is based on dismantling the country by supporting various entities, not the state, to ensure that these tribal and political entities remain as a force of pressure and influence parallel to the power and influence of the Yemeni state, while inciting some of these forces to confront other forces, in order to achieve The interests of the Kingdom at the expense of Yemen.
The documents published by Al-Jazeera satellite channel today showed the Saudi government’s position towards the forces and figures demanding the secession of the south, and from reconsidering supporting the tribes, and its lack of action to stop the Houthis from storming Sanaa despite the Saudi intelligence’s recommendation, in addition to impeding Qatar’s efforts to rebuild the city of Saada.
The documents indicated that, since the end of 2011, the Kingdom had pushed Yemen to reach its current status, by strengthening its policies.
The documents indicated that Saudi Arabia was dealing with the separation of southern Yemen as one of the main options for resolving what it describes as the “issue of the south”, in addition to offering the possible federal option phased out, and that it was trying to exploit the situation and protests in the south to serve only its interests.
The documents highlighted the existence of a role for some southern powers in the pursuit of secession, and its success after the signing of the Gulf initiative in 2011 in obtaining significant Saudi support under the pretext of fighting what Saudi Arabia described as the Iranian incursion into southern Yemen, and this was all contrary to what was announced by Riyadh in terms of support for the Yemeni government and its territorial integrity .
The documents showed that Saudi Arabia instructed to spy on the meetings of the southerners that were carried out with international sponsorship, and that it recruited some of those present to present reports and write what each party is proposing.
A document titled, “Very Confidential – Minutes of the Yemeni Sheikhs Appropriations Review Committee”, issued by the Office of the Assistant Minister of Interior for Security Affairs, shows a constant endeavor to strengthen the authority of the tribe by providing material support to some sheikhs in exchange for ensuring that they implement Riyadh’s agendas and policies.
The document indicates that the amount of support for the elders of these tribes is determined according to the importance of each tribe and the extent of the commitment of its elders to implement the directions and instructions given to them, away from the authority of the Yemeni state.
According to the documents, Saudi Arabia ignored the requests for support that were received from the Yemeni authorities represented at that time by President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi and the then Prime Minister Muhammad Basandwa, while large sums were disbursed to the tribal sheikhs as personal grants to them, and grants to implement some projects in their areas to ensure loyalty The members of the tribe.
According to the documents, Saudi Arabia recruited a number of tribes to fight tribes and other entities that they considered to be anti-Saudi, and sought to ensure that those tribes implemented the Saudi agenda out of the sovereignty and authority of the Yemeni state.
Secret documents show that Riyadh was communicating directly with the tribal sheikhs to manage and implement individual operations outside the authority of the legitimate government, although the Saudi authorities could coordinate through the authority of the Yemeni state, but they were keen to fragment the state’s authority by strengthening the tribal’s fork and supporting it with money and arms .
The documents revealed that Saudi Arabia hindered any efforts to rebuild the city of Saada after the signing of the Gulf initiative and the end of the six wars, including attempts to obstruct German and Qatari support that were provided for the reconstruction of Saada as a contribution to resolving the Yemeni government’s conflict with the Houthis at the time, which contributed to the aggravation and expansion of the conflict.
Since 2015, Yemen has been in war with the legitimate government forces, backed by a Saudi-led military coalition, and Iran-backed Houthi militia.
The war, which has continued for more than 5 years, has left one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world, with more than 80% of Yemen’s population dependent on humanitarian aid to survive.