Nuclear achievement: a mixture of energy that balances economics and the environment

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Nuclear achievement: a mixture of energy that balances the economy and the environment, today Sunday 2 August 2020 01:04 am

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  • Abu Dhabi – Abdul Hai Mohammed

History: August 02, 2020

The rapid economic growth of the UAE and the expansion of heavy industries such as aluminum and iron have led to a significant increase in electricity demand, and the rate of increase in electricity demand annually to keep pace with economic and industrial growth ranges between 7% to 10%, and many studies and reports, most notably the annual report of the Ministry Energy 2019, however, that the average per capita consumption of electricity and water in the country is one of the largest in the world. By 2021, electricity consumption in the UAE may touch forty megawatts (40,000 gigawatts) while actual production at best does not exceed 35 gigawatts.

Rapid economic growth requires more electricity to power new industrial, construction, health, technical and household sectors. Wherever any new industry thrives, the population and the demand for electricity and water grow with it to increase economic development. Since the country’s climate is very dry, even water requires energy to use, because 90% of the water consumed comes from desalination plants.

The government of the UAE studied several energy options to meet its future needs such as oil, gas, coal, renewables and nuclear energy, and then evaluated these sources based on their costs, environmental impact, supply security and the ability to develop them economically in the long run.

The UAE has developed long-term strategies to diversify its energy sources so that fossil fuels do not become the largest source of electric energy production. The diversification included the search for clean and safe energy sources and giant projects in the renewable and new energy sector such as nuclear and solar energy were announced and projects for clean coal and expansion In using gas instead of conventional fossil fuels in power plants.

Carbon emission limit

The Barakah Peaceful Nuclear Project, with the completion of the operation of its four reactors, will provide 5.6 gigawatts (5600 megawatts) of electric energy at 1400 megawatts per station per hour, and the four stations will limit 21 million tons of carbon emissions annually, which is equivalent to removing 3.2 million cars from the country’s roads every Year.

A study by the Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation reveals that nuclear energy has proven to be the best option for the country; This is because it is safe, environmentally friendly, scientifically proven and commercially viable technology and saves large amounts of electrical energy with virtually no harmful carbon emissions.

The UAE has chosen nuclear energy to provide a quarter of its electricity needs for several reasons, including that nuclear energy can generate large and stable quantities of basic load electricity 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, regardless of weather conditions, and that nuclear energy can reduce and diversify carbon emissions in the country Energy supply and increase its security, and provide an environmentally friendly and reliable economic energy for its growing population, in addition to that nuclear energy can meet the country’s obligations in the field of sustainability, when fully operating the four stations in Barakah, it will limit the emission of 21 million tons of carbon emissions, which is equivalent to 3.2 million cars removed from the roads annually. Also, nuclear energy is an approved technology, and the latest statistics have proven that more than 30 countries around the world operate 450 nuclear power plants to generate electricity, and that 53 new plants are under construction in 19 countries.

Nuclear power plants are characterized by high efficiency in producing large quantities of electricity with simple quantities of nuclear fuel, where one uranium granule can produce energy equivalent to the energy produced by 474 liters of fuel or one ton of coal, and this energy is sufficient to generate electricity in one house for two months Almost no carbon footprint.

Emirates strategy

The UAE has expanded over the past few years in the use of natural gas to produce electricity instead of the old fossil fuel (diesel) as a harmless and environmentally friendly fuel, and according to statistics from the Abu Dhabi Statistics Center and the Federal Electricity Authority, the percentage of using natural gas reached about 99.9% of the total types of The fuel used to generate electric power by the end of 2019, and the UAE’s increasing natural gas needs are met from ADNOC’s expansion projects in the gas sector after its production at the end of 2019 exceeded 10 billion cubic feet per day, an increase of about 2.5 billion cubic feet per day for 2016, which About 7.5 billion cubic feet per day was recorded, and the company also redoubled its efforts to discover new gas fields in order to achieve gas self-sufficiency and reduce its dependence on Dolphin Gas.

The Emirates Energy Strategy 2050 targets a mixture of renewable, nuclear and fossil clean energy to ensure a balance between economic needs and environmental goals; According to the strategy, the UAE will invest 600 billion dirhams until 2050 to ensure that energy demand is met and the economic growth of the country is sustained. The strategy aims to meet 44% of the UAE’s energy needs for clean energy, 38% for gas, 12% for clean coal, and 6% for nuclear energy.

Solar stations

The country’s investment in the solar energy sector has expanded, and the governments of Dubai and Abu Dhabi have invested more than 60 billion dirhams, and the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park in Dubai is the largest solar energy complex in one location in the world, according to the independent product system. Its production capacity will reach 5,000 megawatts by 2030, with a total investment of 50 billion dirhams. Upon completion, the complex will contribute to reducing more than 6.5 million tons of carbon emissions annually. Abu Dhabi invested more than 8 billion dirhams at the end of last year in solar projects, most notably Shams 1, at a cost of 2.2 billion dirhams, and Noor Abu Dhabi at a cost of 3.2 billion dirhams, as announced Abu Dhabi Energy Company recently announced the Al Dhafra solar energy project with a production capacity of 2 gigawatts, so that Abu Dhabi’s production of solar energy will increase to 3.2 gigawatts, of which 1.17 gigawatts from the Noor plant, 100 megawatts from the Shams station, and 2000 megawatts from the Al Dhafra station.

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