“Free fall to the abyss” … Lebanon is on a date with a new “assignment” crisis

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The security forces were firing tear gas at the demonstrators around the parliament building when Prime Minister Hassan Diab appeared live to announce the resignation of the government, and he also blamed the crisis on the political forces in power, and claimed that he tried to deal with the ravages of Lebanon but discovered that corruption is greater than the state. According to the newspaper The Independent.

The rallies subsided in the wake of his announcement, but there were no mass celebrations in Beirut. Instead, people cautiously said it was a “good first step,” added Sherine, a demonstrator who needed hospital treatment after narrowly escaping death during the Tuesday blast. : “We did not trust this government from day one.”

And she continued: “We need to step down the entire system, including the president.”

A few days ago, angry demonstrators in Martyrs Square in Lebanon raised the statues of all political figures in the country while they were hanging on the gallows, and the crowds stormed the buildings of some ministries and seized them for a short period.

Change

Anger also escalated in the streets when investigations and leaked documents showed that the State Security Service had contacted the Presidents of the Republic and the government, and informed them of the danger lurking in the port of Beirut, as a result of storing 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate, which is believed to have caused the explosion, killing more than 200 people and 6,000 others injured.

But the question that the Lebanese and observers are asking now is what comes after the resignation of the government? Does the government’s resignation mean the beginning of change?

In practice at the present time, the government remains in the caretaker position until the parliamentary blocs agree, based on consultations by President Michel Aoun, on the name of a new prime minister, which takes a few months, which means that Diab’s government will spend the business for months to come, according to The newspaper.

The newspaper believes that the names of potential alternatives that are circulating in the corridors of power are familiar, and among them is Saad Hariri, former prime minister, as well as the former candidate for prime minister, Nawaf Salam, who is a long-standing diplomat with good foreign relations, but the newspaper saw that the two names do not represent the aspirations of the demonstrators.

Hezbollah

As for the newspaper Jerusalem Post The Israeli government believes that it is difficult to bring about any change in Lebanon with the hegemony of Hezbollah, which controls the basic joints of the state, and it is the one who brought Hassan Diab, and then sacrificed him in cooperation and consultation with his allies, Amal Movement and the Free Patriotic Movement, and the newspaper concluded that whoever will replace Diab will come Likewise, with the party’s approval, the party will not present it to him without obtaining guarantees that the president will implement the party’s internal and external agenda.

The newspaper pointed out that the sectarian system in government, which stipulates that the prime minister be a Sunni Muslim, the speaker of parliament a Shiite Muslim, and the head of state a Maronite Christian, will bring in a prime minister similar to Aoun’s approach and Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri, who are close to Hezbollah.

She explained that there is no evidence that the new prime minister will do more than his predecessors in the presence of Hezbollah, and a policy that he controls and controls, stressing that the chance for change is slim.

“I don’t think we will reach a real long-term solution without a complete change in the political system or the constitution,” said Raoul Nehme, who until Monday evening was the economy minister.

However, there is an enormous amount of pressure on political forces to seek reform not only from the Lebanese street but also from the international community, according to Maha Yahya, director of the Carnegie Middle East Center.

And Yahya added, “It is no longer about a political collapse, but rather a massive humanitarian crisis that comes in the wake of a comprehensive economic collapse. There is an urgent need for help, and all eyes are on Lebanon.”

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