Many people realize that being overweight, not exercising, and eating an unhealthy diet, all lead to many diseases, including fatty liver, which is one of the silent diseases that lead to dire consequences.
The head of the Department of Gastroenterology at the UKGM University Hospital in Germany, Professor Elke Roeb, said that the name of this disease highlights the excessive accumulation of fats in the liver.
Doctors usually differentiate between non-alcoholic and alcoholic fatty liver, and the incidence is not related to age, as usually 10% of children suffer from overweight, which may develop into this disease, and a quarter to a third of people in different age groups will suffer from this disease, and this increases The direction is currently.
In the case of alcoholic fatty liver, it is easy to know the causes of the disease, which are due to the excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
A quarter of the injured are due to other reasons, such as genetic factors, or having certain diseases, or because of lack of movement in the first place.
“Regardless of the nature of the diet, sitting for long periods and an inactive lifestyle increases the risk of developing a fatty liver,” said German Professor Elke Roeb. This also applies to people who suffer from thinness.
A completely new cause is the excessive consumption of industrially produced fructose, which is often found in drinks.
Elke pointed out that a simple fatty liver is not dangerous, but it does not stop there most of the time, as it leads to infections.
Here, doctors talk about infection with fatty hepatitis, which may lead to cirrhosis, which means an increase in connective tissue, and the resulting cirrhosis or the emergence of scars on a large scale, and in this case the liver will not function properly, and it will not be able Carrying out its mission of storing, converting and removing toxins, and in the advanced stages, cirrhosis develops into liver cancer.
Professor Elke noted that liver cancer can appear in the early stages of the disease, as liver cancer may occur in the case of non-alcoholic fatty liver, even without developing fatty hepatitis or cirrhosis, and not in the same way as alcoholic fatty liver, in which cirrhosis occurs. Liver first.
Besides the liver-related consequences, steatohepatitis increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, as well as the risk of developing tumors throughout the body.
For his part, the head of the Department of Hepatology at the University Hospital Kiel, German doctor Rainer Günther, said that a fatty liver may lead to medical emergencies, when the liver hardens and does not allow blood to pass through it, and blood accumulates in front of it, which leads to the expansion of blood vessels In the esophagus, and if bleeding occurs, the patient loses a lot of blood quickly, and he may be at risk of internal bleeding that leads to death.
No warning signs
Unfortunately, there are no symptoms of fatty liver. “A fatty liver does not cause any pain,” said Dr. Rainer Gunter. Also, daytime sleepiness is not a sign of a fatty liver.
Meanwhile, Elke Rooib pointed out that fatty liver is usually diagnosed by chance, and discovered through an ultrasound scan on the abdomen, in addition to the possibility of identifying it through imaging tests when examining elevated liver values.
Fatty liver can be primarily countered through weight loss, exercise, and a healthy, low-calorie diet.
“The results usually appear within six months,” German doctor Rainer Günter explained.
There are currently no drugs or drugs to treat fatty liver, but complications such as esophageal varices are treated through medication, and a stent is used, which is a type of tube inserted into the liver, and in the event that the liver is severely damaged by cirrhosis or cancer, the option The only procedure in this case is a surgical intervention for a liver transplant.
Fatty liver can be prevented by eating a healthy, balanced diet that is not high in calories, in addition to exercising. German doctor Rainer Günter explained that calories are the crucial component of a healthy diet, not fat.
While the German professor, Elke Roeb, stated that parents should educate their children about a healthy diet, and set an example to their children in this regard, noting that the problem is that children learn by example, so parents, for example, should not sit on the couch for long. And eat potato chips and watch the media on tablets, as the child imitates this image, which has dire consequences.
• A fatty liver does not cause any pain, and sleepiness during the day is not a sign of infection.
• There are no drugs or drugs currently available to treat fatty liver, but it does treat complications from it.
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