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After the outbreak of the Sudanese revolution and the fall of the totalitarian regime in April 2019, expectations have risen for the Sudanese that the name of the country will be removed from the American list of state sponsors of terrorism and has been placed in it since 1993 during the rule of former US President Bill Clinton.

But more than a year after the fall of the dictatorial regime and the emergence of a transitional civilian government, the name of Sudan is still on that list with the continued efforts of the government and its Prime Minister Abdullah Hamduk to secure its exit.

The US government has set a number of conditions for the name of Sudan to be removed from the list, among them legal provisions that include a pledge not to provide aid to international terrorism within an agreed period of time as well as adequate guarantees not to support terrorist acts in the future.

On the other hand, the political conditions included the need for Sudan to abide by the UN Security Council resolutions regarding North Korea, including cutting ties with it, in addition to other obligations related to guaranteeing religious freedoms and human rights.

The Sudanese government made great efforts to reach a settlement with the families of the victims, which was completed earlier this year

However, the main obstacle was the requirement that the Sudanese government respond to the decisions of the courts for victims of terrorism, including the US court decision to bomb embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam in 1998 and the attack on the USS Cole in 2000.

The Sudanese government made great efforts to reach a settlement with the families of the victims, which was completed earlier this year, as Sudan paid claims related to the victims of the destroyer “USS Cole”, and reached a settlement agreement to pay more than $ 300 million. For the victims of the two embassies.

Although a number of followers of this file have become uncertain about the American government’s seriousness in fulfilling its pledges to remove the name of Sudan from the list, many statements issued in the past two weeks indicate that a decision regarding the long-awaited step has become closer than any time ago.

On July 29, the Republican chief on the Foreign Affairs Committee of the US House of Representatives announced Michael McCall Support for the implementation of the settlement agreement between the government of Sudan and the victims of the embassy bombings, and on the same day, the deputy for the Democratic Party and a member of the same committee announced Susan Wilde Also about her approval.

But the most important statements came on Language Secretary of State Mike Pompeo one day after the House of Representatives’ remarks above, where he said at the hearing organized by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee at the request of Committee member Senator Chris Kuns that Congress would receive a bill on the topic “very soon”. He added, “I think that raising the rating of the state sponsoring terrorism will be a good thing for foreign policy. There is an opportunity not only to start building democracy, but it is also likely to lead to the emergence of regional opportunities.”

The bill to be passed in Congress includes a settlement with the victims and the restoration of the sovereign immunity that had been withdrawn from Sudan after the inclusion of his name in the terrorist list, which allowed him to be pursued in US courts, a move that would end legal prosecutions for crimes committed throughout the period in which he was The country is on that list.

Pompeo was not satisfied with that. He went on to say: “I think that raising the rating of the state sponsoring terrorism is within reach.” And when the US Secretary of State confirms that the matter is “within reach”, this means that Sudan fulfills all legal and political conditions, including the most urgent requirement of Compensation for victims and their families.

The result of the delay and slowdown in removing the name of Sudan from the terrorism list will only be to help defeat the Sudanese revolution, which has been hailed by the whole world.

The above statements show the seriousness of the current US administration in removing the name of Sudan from the terrorism list, and since the United States will witness presidential elections in November, which may not be renewed for President Donald Trump, it becomes necessary to accomplish this matter in the near future and before the Congress goes on his periodic holiday. This is because delays may cause the bill and the removal decision to be suspended indefinitely.

As the economic crisis in Sudan worsens for many reasons, including the embargo that has lasted for more than two decades, the expected decision will play a decisive role in forgiving the country’s debts, which will amount to 56 billion dollars by the end of the year, and will open a wide path for the flow of foreign investment and enable the country to resume its relations with Donor regional and international institutions.

The decision to remove the name from the list of terrorism will not only be in the interest of Sudan, but will also represent an opportunity for the United States to “find a new partner in the region,” as Democratic Senator Chris Conce said at the aforementioned hearing, while the result of the delay and slowdown in its adoption will only be to help defeat the revolution. Sudanese praised by all the world.


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