Yesterday, Friday, Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi announced that early legislative elections would be held on June 6, 2021.
Al-Kazimi said in a televised speech: “I announce the date of the sixth of June 2021, as a date for early parliamentary elections, and we will work with all our efforts to make these elections successful and protect them.” He told the people: “Your will will change the face of Iraq, and it will remove from it the effects of years of wars and conflicts.”
Al-Kazemi called on the parliament to “complete the election law.”
However, a package of obstacles stands a rock in the face of the early elections project, following a legal and political dispute over the Federal Court that will ratify the results of those elections, as well as the draft law that is still inside the corridors of Parliament pending the completion of schedules and maps of districts and districts.
For months, the Federal Supreme Court competent to consider constitutional disputes has been unable to sit due to the referral of one of its nine judges to retirement, and the lack of a clear mechanism to compensate him, as a result of a legal dispute within the country’s judiciary.
This court is entrusted with the tasks of ratifying the final results of the elections, resolving constitutional disputes, as well as deciding on fraud cases that frequently accompany the elections.
The Federal Court consists of a president and eight members, and its session is not valid except in the presence of all its members, and its quorum was lost when one of its members was referred to retirement, and the depleted judges who compensated for this seat were exhausted, in light of the political disputes over the law of this court, which has not been legislated yet, and is still It operates with the decision of the civilian governor of Iraq after the American occupation of the country, Paul Bremer.
And legal expert Ali Al-Tamimi says that “the federal court is incomplete quorum, and it lacks one member, which means that the election results cannot be ratified, which is a knot added to this thorny file (early elections).”
He added to “Erm News” that “Ali.” Parliament Complete the election law, legislate the Federal Court Law to add another member, and complete the quorum for the court, as without this court there is no legal value for conducting any elections. ”
He continued, “The first step for early elections is to dissolve the parliament, since with the presence of parliament these elections cannot be held, because the parliament is four years old in accordance with Article (56) of the constitution, and therefore the end of this will be the dissolution of Parliament according to the two methods; Either dissolve himself, or by a joint decision of the Prime Minister and the President of the Republic.
And the Iraqi parliament made several months ago, a fundamental amendment to the election law, following widespread public pressure, amid great satisfaction from activists and demonstrators, and the Kurdish blocs and some Sunni parties who saw the new law complained of an attempt to change the political scene and deny them the votes of their voters in mixed cities.
The most prominent amendment to the law is the transition from the method of proportional representation, considering each governorate is an electoral district, and the requirement to run through electoral lists, to individual candidacy away from lists and parties, and in small electoral districts is the judiciary (the second largest administrative unit in the country after the governorate) instead of The pre-existing governorate.
The Kurdish and Sunni blocs believe that the amended election law will deprive it of Kurdish votes in the mixed districts in which they constitute a minority, while the Sunni parties have refused to adopt electronic counting and sorting that raises fears of fraud and tampering with the results.
The law has not been sent to the President of the Republic for approval yet, hoping to make an amendment under pressure from the Kurdish and Sunni blocs to resolve the presence of 41 unregistered courts in the Ministry of Planning, and it cannot be considered electoral districts without ascertaining their population, as well as the lack of a clear mechanism for calculating the quota Women in this law.
In turn, the Al-Fatah coalition, led by Hadi al-Amiri, affirmed that it would work to complete the election law in preparation for holding it on the scheduled date.
The head of the bloc, MP Muhammad al-Ghabban, said in a press statement that “the alliance of conquest with the holding of early elections is to be one of the priorities of the government program for the current government,” noting that “his alliance will work with other political blocs to complete the legislation of the election law and the federal court, in preparation for To conduct early elections as scheduled. ”
Since Parliament formed the Board of Commissioners of Independent Judges, the new commission has faced severe criticism and interference from political bodies seeking to control the offices of the Commission in the governorates, where it can control the process of observing the polls, transferring them, and imposing forgery of results, especially in the case of adopting manual counting and sorting methods .
The Board of Commissioners takes over the formation of the commission’s councils in the governorates and all the electoral districts after the former commission’s staff were demobilized, but some political parties see that the cadres are still members of the influential parties.
The “Iraqi Alliance of Forces” led by Speaker of Parliament Muhammad Al-Halbousi previously accused the commission, saying: “While we responded to the popular demands for reforming the building of the Independent High Electoral Commission, we, after closely observing its performance, we perceived a serious deviation in the paths of forming its joints The politicization of the choices of middle and technical cadres in it.
The coalition believed that this threatens the continuation of the deviation of the path and the loss of justice in representing some components the Iraqian people In the provinces with mixed fabric (Kirkuk, Diyala, Baghdad, Babil and Basra) in the joints of the new commission.