Three new visitors to Mars this year … including the “Probe of Hope” (video)

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Mars welcomes this year three of its new visitors from the planet Earth, among them the first Arab space probe launched by the UAE “probe of hope.”The Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Center announced, on Sunday night, Monday, that it had received the first signal from the “Probe of Hope”, which launched for space on a historic trip to Mars, the first of an Arab country aimed at exploring the atmosphere of the Red Planet.

Receiving the first signal is a successful breakup of the “probe of hope” from the Japanese missile, an hour after launching into space. The UAE government stated in a tweet on “Twitter” that it is “a message of pride, hope and peace to the Arab region, by which we renew the golden age of Arab and Islamic discoveries.”

The mission of “Probe of Hope” comes after the successful launch in 2018 of “Khalifa Sat”, the first UAE satellite to monitor Earth, and the probe is expected to reach Mars by February 2021.

The probe will explore the weather dynamics of Mars, study its atmosphere, understand climate changes occurring on the Red Planet, and study the phenomenon of oxygen and hydrogen gas escaping from its atmosphere by studying the relationship between the lower and upper atmosphere layers.An analysis of the probe data would contribute to drawing a clear and comprehensive picture of the layers of the atmosphere of Mars, which in turn leads to a greater understanding of the reasons for the transformation of Mars from a world that was wet to a dry and cool planet now.

The “Hope Probe” will remain in orbit for a full year, equivalent to 687 days on Earth, and it will take 55 hours for each session, and the probe will be controlled from Dubai.

For its part, China will enter the Mars discovery race with a spacecraft with three distinct characteristics, and it will carry “Tianwin-1” aboard a space probe, a spacecraft that will land on Mars, and a mobile spacecraft, according to “Wam”.

China is expected to launch its spacecraft on July 23, but this date is not yet confirmed.

“Tianwin-1” will collect as much data as possible on Mars along with studying the planet’s magnetic field and atmosphere, mapping its surface using a high-resolution camera, while the rover will be equipped with equipment that will contribute to mapping the Martian interior, and checking the presence of ice on the planet the Red.

The United States – the only country that has successfully landed a spacecraft on Mars to date – plans to launch a new spacecraft to join the two spacecraft currently on Mars for a more comprehensive study of the red planet.

The “Perseverance” spacecraft is scheduled to be launched on July 30, landing in the crater of Giziero, an area that contained billions of years ago, rivers and seas, and thus the region provides a high opportunity to find evidence of microbial life on the Red Planet.

The spacecraft will collect and store rock samples to bring them to Earth for study, which may contain indications of the existence of life for species of microbes.

The “Perseverance” spacecraft will transfer to Mars a new vehicle of its kind, which is the “Ingenuity”, which will be the first helicopter to fly on Mars, knowing that flying in Mars is not an easy task due to the extremely cold climate and low-density atmosphere.

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