Carbon emissions decrease in Saudi Arabia 4%
It was reinforced by the government effort to reduce gases and adopt a circular economy and anti-Corona restrictions.
Tuesday – 30 Dhu al-Qi’dah 1441 AH – 21 July 2020 AD No. number [
Saudi Arabia to a significant decline in carbon emissions this year and in the picture one of the tourist attractions in the south of the Kingdom (Middle East)
Riyadh: «Middle East»
A Saudi analytical study revealed estimates of a 4 percent decrease in carbon emissions in Saudi Arabia this year, according to the scenario of economic openness, and the return of activities to normal, supported by government efforts to reduce carbon gas emissions, and was recently reinforced by the effects of preventive health restrictions to combat the emerging corona virus.
And at a time when Saudi Arabia is adopting a global project to spread the concept of a carbon-circular economy and developing its industrial innovations, a study has revealed about the effects of the restrictions imposed by Coffid-19 on the energy system, locally and globally, issued by the King Abdullah Center for Petroleum Studies and Research (CAPSARC), regarding Carbon emissions in the Kingdom, and the expected impact of the pandemic in reducing carbon emissions in the atmosphere in 2020, according to vital results, she said within the scenario of continuing the economic closure that it may reach emissions decline to 7 percent.
Recently, the Saudi presidency confirmed that the G20 adopted, alongside “reducing desertification and increasing green areas”, the concept of a carbon circular economy, which will have the greatest impact on preserving the environment and sustaining resources.
A few days ago, the Finance Minister and the Minister of Economy and Planning in charge, Muhammad Al-Jadaan, explained in a Saudi speech while participating in the high-level political forum on sustainable development organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the end of last week, that there is a need for joint international cooperation and concerted international efforts Effective solutions to meet the intermediate challenges that hindered the desired progress towards achieving social welfare, economic prosperity, and environmental development.
Last February, during the launching of the first international conference and exhibition for carbon capture, use and storage, Saudi Arabia launched a global call to embrace the circular economy in energy extraction, through collective international cooperation to use and develop carbon capture and storage technologies.
Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman, the Saudi Minister of Energy, stressed the necessity of adopting practical scientific solutions in the field of carbon extraction and extraction in the energy sectors, within the context of the international community’s push for climate and environmental conservation issues.
The Saudi Minister of Energy stressed at the time the necessity of concerted efforts in the field of extracting and storing the emitted carbon for effective solutions, finding clean fuel and safe products using the available technologies, and employing opportunities for the public and private sectors to push strongly in implementing the technologies associated with storing carbon.
And the analysis conducted by “CAPSARC”, based on the carbon emissions monitoring data provided by the French “Enerdata” databases, in addition to the latest information on the impact of “Covid-19” on energy consumption, expected carbon emissions to decrease by 4 percent during the year, Compared to 2019, indicating that this came by strengthening the preventive measures taken by the Kingdom’s government to reduce the spread of the epidemic, taking into account the gradual easing of preventive restrictions, starting in June.
The analysis cited stable carbon emissions in 2019 due to fuel consumption at 526.84 metric tons of carbon dioxide, a slight decrease of 0.04 percent, compared to 2018.
The paper, which was titled “Carbon Emission Levels in the Kingdom in 2019 … before its expected decline this year due to the new Corona virus,” which was prepared by 4 researchers, were: Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Alnza, Thamer Al-Shehri and Jan Brown, that the Kingdom will witness Two expected drop rates during this year: The first rate was equal to 4%, according to the scenario of the return of life activities and the movement of economic sectors to normal in June. As for the second percentage, it was 7%, if preventive measures, such as closings, were to continue until the end of the year.
After analyzing the activity of 6 economic sectors within 3 levels of closure, the Kapsark researchers found that the transport sector in general tops the list of sectors most affected by Covid-19, where the researchers estimated the rate of decline in the daily activity of the aviation sector by 20 and 75 per cent, followed by The road transport sector whose daily activity decreased from 10 to 50 percent, while the industrial sector was the third affected sector, then the public buildings, trade and energy sectors.
The researchers’ analysis showed that the residential sector was not negatively affected by the preventive measures, but rather expected that the consumption of the sector will increase by up to about 5 percent, due to the expected consumption during the summer period of air conditioners, given the individuals staying in their homes most of the time.
According to the paper, the months of March and April of this year witnessed a decrease in the daily carbon emissions rate of 17 percent globally, compared to the same period last year, and half of this decrease was attributed to the transportation sector.
The researchers concluded by saying, “The world now has the opportunity to rebuild in a better way,” proposing to start working on more sustainable solutions, while taking stimulus measures to assist countries to shift towards zero net carbon emissions targets, and to activate ideas and possible solutions, such as the concept of a low-carbon circular economy that Adopted by the Kingdom during its tenure as G20 presidency.