The Guardian newspaper was concerned with the case brought by the Egyptian-American human rights activist Mohamed Sultan against the former Egyptian Prime Minister Hazem El-Beblawy, one of the current executives of the International Monetary Fund, based in Washington.
Mohamed said in his lawsuit that he was “a target of assassination, arrest and torture.”
The newspaper notes that “the lawsuit filed Monday in the Washington DC District Court accuses al-Beblawy of direct responsibility for the treatment of Sultan.”
Al-Beblawy headed the Egyptian government between July 2013 and March 2014.
The newspaper report adds that the lawsuit was filed based on the 1991 US Victims of Torture Act.
It says the law allows both US and non-US citizens to file cases against individuals from any foreign country, and there is clear evidence of their complicity in torture.
The lawsuit accuses Beblawy of “coordinating with other senior Egyptian officials to monitor Sultan’s movements during the 2013 protests and attempting to assassinate him and overseeing his detention and torture.”
Mohamed was arrested in August 2013 during the bloody scavenging of the Rab’a al-Adawiya sit-in organized by the Muslim Brotherhood to demand the return of (late) President Mohamed Morsi to power.
The Egyptian army, led by the then Minister of Defense, General Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi (current President of Egypt), ousted Morsi from the presidency after mass popular demonstrations against his rule.
Muhammad, son of Salah Sultan, one of the prominent leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood now banned in Egypt, was sentenced to life imprisonment, a hunger strike for a year, released and returned to the United States after having been forced to give up his Egyptian citizenship.
“The court documents recount the facts of the massive physical torture to which Sultan was subjected in multiple detention centers during his 643-day detention period, including beatings, denial of medical treatment, and cigarette extinguishing in his throat,” says Ruth McCelson, the author of the Guardian report.
According to the report, the lawsuit “also mentions the name of the current president, Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi, along with his intelligence director Abbas Kamel as” defendants without litigation “in the same case, detailing how the higher levels of the military regime in Egypt worked to suppress protests and arrest well-known individuals such as Sultan. ”
The lawsuit alleges that al-Beblawi “directed and watched” alongside other senior officials including Kamil and Sisi himself, mistreating Sultan. ”Sisi’s presidency to Egypt currently grants him diplomatic immunity from legal action, but Kamil and others face the risk of litigation if they visit the United States,” the newspaper said.
She points out that the complaint includes a request to hold a trial session, which would give Sultan the opportunity to face Al-Beblawy in court, and quoted Muhammad as saying: “I am anxious, and I look forward to that day,” and he adds: “I want him to see my face” …. I am sure it was He knows who I am but I was just a name, I want him to look into my eyes and I ask him why, why this role, he ordered torture, the attempted extrajudicial killing, and what kind of moral justification he had. ”
According to the Guardian’s report, al-Beblawy did not immediately respond to the requests for comment submitted to the Egyptian Information Authority and the International Monetary Fund.
We need courage and action.
In an article for The Independent, the white Siana Bangura holds the world responsible for ending racism.
She advises that guilt alone is not enough at a time when the United States faces a crisis over the killing of George Floyd.
The black writer sends the following message, “Whites, the responsibility to end racist regimes rests with you.” “The feeling of guilt has little benefit now. We need to see courage and action. In the same way that you love black culture, you need to support our struggles, too.”
She describes the racist writer as a “familiar sharp blade” among blacks, and considers that the killing of George Floyd in Minnesota was not surprising to blacks affected by the blade of this sharp blade.
However, it considers that his “brutal” state was the “last straw” after the “injustice” imposed on blacks by the Covid epidemic “in which blacks were once again the most affected, according to data from the Office for National Statistics”, in the United Kingdom.
In the United States, the author denounces “impunity for the police for murder”, noting that something much greater has happened than blacks, or anyone, could bear.
“Now neighborhoods are burning in the United States,” says Siana, a British rights activist. “All over the world, black homes have been on fire for centuries. And every time, blacks carry the burden of salvation from oppression and calm, and they do it.”
“The whites have a very serious problem and they should start thinking about what they can do about it,” she notes.
And the author requests the white not to be satisfied with speaking without doing “To achieve change, you must be humble enough to make mistakes, apologize with all your heart, and prepare to try. This is what is really required now,” she says.
Siana concludes her article with a call to whites who reject racism asking them to help with money and actual effort and that: “they translate their words into deeds” and “each of them challenges the other whites” and “they are ready to feel uncomfortable and insulted, a feeling that blacks know well.”
On an international issue, Mark Wallis sees Britain’s willingness to provide a safe haven for millions of people in Hong Kong as a good step signaling that it is leading the world in democracy.
In an essay in the newspaper, I believe that the UK, in doing so, is supportive of freedom after its exit from the European Union.
Britain has announced its intention to take measures that would enable nearly 3 million people in Hong Kong to obtain the status of “British citizen abroad”.
The writer launches a fierce attack on China, which says it has the right to enforce Hong Kong’s National Security Law, as Chinese territory, to protect its security.
For years, he says, Beijing has been testing the reaction, “and the supposed campaign of the banner of defending freedom and democracy turned out to be paper tigers on every previous occasion in which Hong Kong’s freedom was violated. Other human rights violations, even more egregious, were allowed by China – Like the wholesale persecution of the Uyghur Muslims in the country – honored passage. ”
“The democracies of the world should have known long ago that dictators are opportunists who are dedicated to opportunism. If they give up one inch, regimes like China will take a tendency, effectively taking over many lands. Then they take more. This lesson is forgotten.”
Mark believes that more should have been done a long time ago “to try to prevent the crushing of Hong Kong.”
“It is an undeniable shame that a prosperous society, with many accomplishments and many potentials, can simply be abandoned to the mercy of such a system. The city’s youth have been left to use parachutes to fight for their freedom and life, against the rubber bullets and the strict greed of a bully totalitarian.”
The writer considers the British decision, regarding citizenship, “enjoined to China,” which he says “truly claims to think that he is single and that his inviolability cannot be violated to control every aspect of Hong Kong’s life, without any challenge or reprimand from any other country.”