Mobile power plants sail on the high seas

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Quoted by Bloomberg – Amid the current economic embargo, efforts to deliver electricity to all parts of the world have become more sophisticated. However, despite this, a company supplies ships with power generation units, docked off shore, and powering local networks in a short time.

Carpowership is busy marketing floating energy plants in developing countries, as governments seek to secure an additional electrical effort to provide hospitals and other facilities with the necessary electrical need during this Corona pandemic.

Electric ships can quickly connect to a land electricity grid, avoiding the trouble of bureaucratic procedures and issues arising from the construction of conventional power plants. In addition, ships are equipped with their own fuel – LNG and fuel oil – which makes it easier for them to take advantage of the current oversupply market situation.

“We can distribute it,” said Zainab Harazi, Commercial Director of Carpowership, in a telephone interview from her Istanbul office where the ships are being designed. [السفن] In less than 30 days. ”

The production capacity of generators on ships ranges from 36 megawatts to 470 megawatts and generators are fully funded. Ships use fossil fuels to produce electricity, knowing that it is not the best fuel if we want to produce clean energy, but it is [السفن] Still one of the remaining solutions to power remote areas with electricity.

According to the annual report on liquefied natural gas issued by the International Gas Union, these ships can work well in places with high barriers for land power plants or places that prevent gas pipelines from reaching them. On the other hand, the operational path faces several risks, not to mention the high costs and initial capital requirements. The report also mentioned that the concepts of floating energy plants compete with the concept of conventional units that run on liquid fuel, renewable energy and nuclear energy, which may receive government support in relation to LNG.

According to the report of the Federation: “The concept of floating plants that guarantee the gasification and energy production may be a more realistic solution to facilitate access to clean electricity production.” “In the near future, these rapidly-investigated projects that have been established and commissioned in reputable shipyards may begin.”

PowerChip owns the largest fleet of ships, for example, the first ship built for Iraq, which took three years to manufacture in 2010. The company now manages 25 similar ships in 11 countries in Mozambique, Cuba, and Indonesia. With the spread of corona, the virus did not affect the pace of work, rather, it provided some opportunities for the company to enter new markets.

How ships work in four steps:
 The LNG tanker will be anchored at the place of arrival and the fuel will be unloaded in another vessel intended for storage and re-gasification (FSRU).
المس The LNG is converted and returned to its natural state on board the FSRU.
الغاز The gas is transported through a floating pipeline to carry gas from the FSRU to the power ship, which ranges in length from 80 meters to 300 meters, as the fuel will feed the on-board generating units.

الكهرباء Electricity flows from the ship anchored at sea via a power transmission line to a power transmission tower built on land, after which it reaches a local electricity distribution network.

Harazi said that the company transforms ships that carry dry bulk, buy bulk engines and build them one by one, so the process looks like a production line.

The power factor adopts the technology of the internal combustion engine, instead of the conventional turbine. In this regard, construction is undoubtedly expensive, but maintenance is less expensive and it is appropriate for countries with hot climates and unstable electrical networks, which are often in urgent need of energy to avoid power outages.

Carpowership provides power ships, floating LNG storage and re-gasification unit and, if necessary, also fuels, for 8 to 10 cents per kilowatt hour.

“If the customer requests the company to buy and secure LNG, we collect offers like normal players, and we buy the required gas with absolute transparency,” she added.

The ship operates on liquefied natural gas or fuel oil. Some ships use fuel oil and then switch to LNG. The company aims to have 80 percent of its power ship production dependent on LNG by 2025.

Floating units have a distinct advantage as it takes less than three months to manufacture, enabling them to cope with increased demand easily, unlike conventional land-power plants that may take six years or more. Harazi stated that at first, these ships are often seen as a temporary solution, which is immediately replaced by another permanent solution at the end of the construction of the latter, but some ships constitute long-term solutions.

Carpowership is preparing a capacity of 4000 MW for distribution to 20 ships, with the aim of doubling the size of the fleet in the next three to five years, in terms of MW capacity or the number of ships.

While the coronavirus pandemic keeps an enormous number of economies under the wings of the embargo, Harazi notes that workers who live and work on power ships during the past three or more months, follow and adhere to the “natural stone” foundations.

Source:

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-01/mobile-power-stations-are-taking-to-the-high-seas

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