A research team led by Northwestern University analyzed data from hospitals and clinics across China, France, Germany, Italy, Iran, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The study stated that patients from countries with high mortality rates such as Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom have lower levels of vitamin “D” compared to patients in countries that were not severely affected.
The researchers also found a strong relationship between vitamin D levels and the cytokine storm, a condition caused by an overactive immune system.
“The Cytokine storm can severely damage the lungs and lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome and death in patients,” said Ali Danishakh, a postdoctoral researcher at McCormick College of Engineering in Northwestern.
“While we believe it is important for people to know that vitamin D deficiency may play a role in mortality, we do not need to impose vitamin D on everyone,” said Vadim Pakman of Northwestern who led the research.
Scientists said they need more research to understand how vitamin D can be used to protect against complications from the virus.
The body can get vitamin D through exposure to the sun, so it is called “sun vitamin.”