However, despite the difference in the beginning of Ramadan between Arab and Islamic countries, the astronomical calculations of the International Astronomy Center, based in the UAE, indicate that the majority of these countries may announce the holiday in one day.
Most Islamic countries do not rely on astronomical calculations to declare the feast, but rather depend on the committees investigating the crescent starting from the evening of the twenty-ninth of the month of Ramadan.
However, other countries settled their affairs based on astronomy calculations, as the Tunisian Meteorological Institute announced that seeing the crescent is impossible on Friday evening, and thus Sunday will be the first day of Eid Al Fitr in Tunisia.
The National Institute of Meteorology reports that it is impossible to see the crescent of Shawwal for the year 1441 Hijri after sunset on Friday 29 Ramadan, so that Saturday, the full month of Ramadan and Sunday May 24, 2020, will be the first day of Shawwal according to astronomical data. # Agency_wat
– Agence Tunis-Afrique-Presse (@AgenceTAP) May 17, 2020
According to the statement of the International Astronomy Center, it will be impossible to see the crescent on Friday from all countries of the Islamic world due to the sunset before the sun, and because of the pairing (the crescent is born) after sunset, and accordingly, these countries will complete several days of Ramadan 30 days and the day of Eid will be on Sunday, May 24 .
As for the countries that will investigate the crescent on Saturday, May 23, seeing the crescent on Saturday from the east of the Islamic world is possible by using the telescope only, while seeing the crescent is difficult with the naked eye with difficulty from all the Arab world and the countries of Africa, southern Europe and Canada, and seeing the crescent day is possible by eye Easily abstracted from the United States, Central America, and North South America.
Therefore, it is expected that the feast will be in most of these countries on Sunday, May 24 as well, while it may be Monday, May 25 in some such as Pakistan and Brunei, due to the inability to see the crescent on Saturday from these areas with the naked eye, according to the International Astronomy Center.
The International Astronomy Center provided superficial calculations of the crescent moon at sunset on Saturday, May 23 in some Arab cities, as follows:
– Abu Dhabi: The moon is absent 42 minutes after sunset, and it is 20 hours and 27 minutes old, and vision is possible with the unaided eye with great difficulty.
– Mecca: The moon is absent 44 minutes after sunset, age 21 hours and 04 minutes, and vision is possible with the naked eye with great difficulty.
– Amman and JerusalemThe moon is absent 45 minutes after sunset, age 21 hours and 42 minutes, and vision is possible with the unaided eye with great difficulty.
– CairoThe moon is absent 46 minutes after sunset, 21 hours and 47 minutes old, and vision is possible with the unaided eye with great difficulty.
– Rabat: The moon is absent 52 minutes after sunset, 24 hours and 05 minutes old, and vision is difficult with the naked eye.
– KhartoumThe moon is absent 44 minutes after sunset, 21 hours and 15 minutes old, and vision is possible with the unaided eye with great difficulty.