Friday evening (29 Ramadan) begins the investigation of the crescent of Shawwal, which marks the beginning of Eid Al-Fitr for 2020 among Muslims in most Arab and Islamic countries that started Ramadan on Friday, April 24, including Lebanon, while other countries such as Oman, Sudan and Morocco investigate the Hilal Shawwal on Saturday evening, where Ramadan started on April 25. However, despite the difference in the beginning of Ramadan between Arab and Islamic countries, the astronomical calculations of the International Astronomy Center, based in the UAE, indicate that the majority of these countries may announce the holiday in one day. Most Islamic countries do not rely on astronomical calculations to declare the feast, but rather depend on the committees investigating the crescent starting from the evening of the twenty-ninth of the month of Ramadan. However, other countries settled their affairs based on astronomy calculations, as the Tunisian Meteorological Institute announced that seeing the crescent is impossible on Friday evening, and thus Sunday will be the first day of Eid Al Fitr in Tunisia.
According to the statement of the International Astronomy Center, it will be impossible to see the crescent on Friday from all countries of the Islamic world due to the setting of the moon before the sun, and due to the occurrence of conjugation (the crescent is born) after sunset, and accordingly these countries will complete several days of Ramadan 30 days and the day of Eid will be on Sunday, May 24 .
As for the countries that will investigate the crescent on Saturday, May 23, seeing the crescent on Saturday from the east of the Islamic world is possible using the telescope only, while seeing the crescent is difficult with the naked eye with difficulty from all the Arab world and countries in Africa, southern Europe and Canada, and seeing the crescent day is possible with the eye Easily abstracted from the United States, Central America, and North South America.
Therefore, it is expected that the feast will be in most of these countries on Sunday, May 24 as well, while it may be Monday, May 25 in some of them like Pakistan and Brunei, due to the inability to see the crescent on Saturday from these areas with the naked eye, according to the International Astronomy Center. The International Astronomy Center provided superficial calculations of the crescent at sunset on Saturday 23 May in some Arab cities, as follows:
Abu Dhabi: The moon is absent 42 minutes after sunset, and its age is 20 hours and 27 minutes, and vision is possible with the unaided eye with great difficulty.
– Makkah Al-Mukarramah: The moon will be absent 44 minutes after sunset, and it is 21 hours and 04 minutes old. Visibility is possible with the naked eye with great difficulty.
Amman and Jerusalem: The moon is absent 45 minutes after sunset, and is 21 hours and 42 minutes old, and vision is possible with the naked eye with great difficulty.
Cairo: The moon will be absent 46 minutes after sunset, 21 hours and 47 minutes old, and vision is possible with the unaided eye with great difficulty.
Rabat: The moon is absent 52 minutes after sunset, 24 hours and 05 minutes old, and vision is difficult with the naked eye. Khartoum: The moon will be absent 44 minutes after sunset, 21 hours and 15 minutes old, and vision is possible with the unaided eye with great difficulty.
It is noteworthy that the office of the scholar Mr. Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah announced that next Sunday is the first day of Eid Al Fitr. For its part, Dar Al-Fatwa called to seek the crescent of the month of Shawwal after Friday sunset.