Lifting public closure restrictions in Europe: The authorities are unique to the fate of their societies


From the reopening of companies in Austria, to the return of children to schools in Germany and Denmark, the majority of European countries have begun to ease restrictions imposed to curb the spread of the “Covid 19” epidemic. Even the countries that were severely affected, decided to lift some restrictions, amid many questions about the decision and its effects, especially with the continuation of the Corona counter to harvest the victims. With the continent exceeding the threshold of one million injuries and 100,000 deaths, the European Commission and the World Health Organization persist in warning against the rush to take similar decisions, the last of which was the statement of the “organization” last week, after European countries announced their intention to lift the embargo, considering that Europe is still “in the eye” Cyclone”. Last week, the World Health Organization considered that “the world is on a bend,” and recommended that isolation measures be gradually phased out, to avoid a second wave of injuries. In turn, the European Commission recognized that the easing of restrictions “will inevitably lead to a corresponding increase in new cases”, adding that “all measures must be gradual and coordinated”, while calling for the European Union to “exercise caution and cooperate before taking any steps to ease closures”. But governments are continuing to implement what they see fit for their economy, and they behave individually.
In an interview with Al-Akhbar, the head of the European Mission in Lebanon, Ralf Tarraf, said that Europe “is still in the face of the confrontation with the virus”, considering that the measures taken by the countries “were costly to people and the economy, and this cannot be continued until End of the epidemic.
Tarraf points to the need to “commit to a comprehensive European approach”. It is true that the timing and methods adopted to lift the restrictions of the stone differ between the member states, but «we need a joint framework based on the following matters:
– Public health based on scientific principles in a pivotal way, as lifting the restrictions of stone must take into consideration the balance between public health and the effects on the social and economic realities.
– Coordination between member states to avoid any negative impacts, which represents a common European interest.
Respect and solidarity. They are necessary when dealing with health, economic and social issues. Therefore, at a minimum, member states must notify each other and their missions before lifting restrictions on stone, taking their views and considerations into account.
Regarding the procedures adopted during determining the stages of lifting the restrictions of quarantine, the Head of the European Mission in Lebanon points to “the necessity of collecting synthesized information, developing a solid system for reporting and following up on contacts, including digital equipment that respects privacy in dealing with collected information, and expanding the process of conducting checks and developing resources Approved in examination methodologies, developing the resources and capabilities of national health care systems, specifically focusing on the expected rise in the proportion of new infections after lifting quarantine restrictions, and follow-up in the process of developing personal protective equipment, in addition to developing medicines and Safe and effective treatment methods, and rapid follow-up of the vaccine release process to clarify the pandemic.

Variation of strategies
When looking at the plans of each country, the difference appears in how to choose to lift the ban. For example, when Italy headed to open bookstores, stationery and children’s clothing stores, these stores remained closed in Spain until the 26th of this month. While Spanish factory employees are back in business, Italian factories (excluding pharmaceutical and food processing factories) are closed. Wearing masks outside the home is necessary in the Czech Republic, but not necessary in Denmark.
A similar gap has emerged in the strategies between Austria and Scandinavia, with Vienna giving priority to opening non-essential stores, while hinting that schools could remain closed until next September. However, countries like Norway and Denmark started sending students – even young age groups – to schools this month. “Denmark is doing this differently from Austria, because that could cause us to have a congestion on public transport,” said Clemens Martin Auer, the official at the Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs.
The main driver of these discrepancies remains the economic concern. All European governments fear the consequences of national economies amid fear of repeating the scenes of the “Great Depression” that occurred in 1929, as the international institutions concerned warn, especially with the International Monetary Fund expecting the global economy to shrink by 3% in 2020 as a result of the epidemic, which is deflation Much worse than it was during the 2008 global financial crisis. In this sense, Andrea Gelotti, an academic at the University of London for Economics, warns that “if there is no appropriate strategy before the embargo is lifted in Europe, the virus is likely to spread again with the same The pace at which you started R. In this case, we will return to all the measures we are taking now. ”

Tarraf: Procedures should be implemented gradually, and restrictions should be removed in stages

Only the authorities decide
With Europe embarking on a gradual lifting of restrictions, many differences emerged and the procedures differed from country to country, but the common denominator among them is the uniqueness of the authorities alone in approving the procedures, ruling out the views of the majority of the spectrums of civil societies in them. Of course, there is physical suffering (for those who have been ill), psychological suffering (among their relatives and care workers), according to an article published by the monthly journal Le Monde Diplomatique, the French researcher at the National Center for Scientific Research. Health), psychological suffering (among recipients of wages). But there is also, among many others, political suffering: watching this madness amid the inability to do anything. Lourdes specifically criticizes the French reality, but proceeds from it to tell that “politics also exists with groups that can express themselves and act”, adding that “the spread of the epidemic disrupted politics, leaving only a government that flourishes when it is separated from civil society.”
The second common between countries is to prevent the outbreak of a new wave of the virus, by establishing a “test and tracking” system, which is based on testing those infected with the virus and then tracking the recent meetings of the target person, either by asking him or using his mobile phone data. There is also consensus that societies must reopen each section separately, amid a split over age groups or industrial sectors that can be reinstated. Hence, the specialist in epidemiology and infectious diseases at the University of “Southampton” British, Nick Raktenonshay, that “the phased approach (in lifting restrictions) is supported by many governments, but we do not know exactly the results of this approach, so they should be as careful as possible ».

Next steps
What steps should European countries take with lifting the embargo? The head of the European Mission in Lebanon, Ralf Tarraf, answers that the measures must be implemented gradually, and the restrictions lifted in stages, taking into account a period of time between each stage in order to be able to monitor and evaluate the impact of each stage. He adds that “the general procedures must be replaced by those targeted by the monitoring and evaluation process.” And on lifting the restrictions and limits of the internal stone, Tarraf points out that it “must be coordinated, especially those related to lifting the travel ban and border control.” The external borders will be reopened in the second stage, taking into account the prevalence of the virus outside the borders of the European Union.
Economically, Taraf considers that there are many works that can be carried out again, in the event that this is not possible via televised communications, as well as the redistribution of working hours. Free private (retail) gradually if possible, and social gatherings (restaurants and cafes) gradually if possible ». This should happen simultaneously “with the development of a plan to boost the economy and revive it during the gradual process of lifting the restrictions of the stone in order to return to the path of sustainable development, including the trend towards building a greener digital society, benefiting from the lessons learned from the current crisis.”


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