Last January 12, less than 3 months ago, the Coruna virus was confined to China, as no case had yet emerged outside that country.
But in just one day, on January 13, Corona virus became a global problem. One case has been reported in Thailand, followed by others in Japan, South Korea and the United States.
Then several cases appeared around the world.
There are currently more than a million cases of Covid virus 19 in vast areas stretching from Nepal to Nicaragua.
And with increasing cases injury Deaths and overcrowding in hospitals. Are there still places without corona?
The answer to this question may be surprising, and it is yes.
There are 193 member states of the United Nations. As of April 2, 18 countries had not reported cases of the Corona virus, according to Johns Hopkins University.
Experts suggest that some of these countries did not report the emergence of cases such as: North Korea, which did not officially announce the existence of the Coruna virus, as well as war-torn Yemen.
But there are countries that have not had access to the virus, most of which are small islands, and in fact few visitors. Seven of the ten least visited countries in the world, according to United Nations data, are devoid of coronavirus.
After the location of these countries means one thing, that these islands are self-isolated from the ground when applying the rules of social divergence to them.
However, the president of one of these countries is not satisfied, and he told the BBC that Covid 19 represents a national emergency for his country.
Nauru Island is located in the Pacific Ocean, about 200 miles from its nearest land, which is the territory of Banaba Island, and part of Kiribati. The nearest large city has flights to Brisbane, which is 2,500 miles southwest of it.
It is the second smallest Member State of the United Nations in terms of area after Monaco, and the second also in terms of population after Tuvalu, with a population of just over 10,000.
It is one of the least visited countries in the world, and although it does not appear in any United Nations data, one of the tour operators says that about 160 tourists visit Nauru annually.
And you may think that this faraway country does not need to isolate itself any more. But nothing should be left to chance in a country that has one hospital, no breathing aids, and a shortage of nursing staff.
On March 2, it was forbidden to receive travelers from China, North Korea, and Italy, and after 5 days, Iran was added to the list.
In mid-March, Nauru Airlines flights to Fiji, Kiribati and Marshall Islands were suspended, and flights to Brisbane were reduced from 3 flights per week to one flight every two weeks.
After all, those coming from Australia (who are often island residents) must enter self-isolation in local hotels for 14 days.
It was also decided to impose a quarantine for at least two weeks at an Australian asylum-seekers’ center on the island, although it was completely vacated recently.
This policy is aimed at “tightening control and containment,” says Nauru President Lionel Ingmia.
He added: “We keep things at our borders, and for us there is no border, and our transit facilities are part of these borders.”
Those who are under quarantine are subjected to a daily examination to monitor symptoms, and if one of them develops a fever, he is isolated in a more severe manner, and he is tested for virus diagnosis, and the tests are sent to Australia. The results of all the samples sent were negative.
Despite the crisis, the president says, ordinary people in the country are still living in tranquility, and he is grateful to other countries for their assistance, especially Australia and Taiwan, with which Nauru has full relations.
While President Ingima is working to keep his country free from the Coronavirus, he knows very well that the rest of the world does not have such luck to be free from disease.
He says: “Whenever we look at the map of the spread of Covid 19 virus, the world appears as if measles has spread, there are red points everywhere, and we believe that our prayers will help other countries to overcome these difficult times.”
Not only the island of Nauru, which declared the state of national emergency in the Pacific, but also the implementation of this measure by Kiribati, Tonga, Vanuto and other islands.
“I am confident that this is the right policy,” said Dr. Cullen Tocuitonga from New in the South Pacific.
“The best thing is to keep this virus out of this fragile region, which lacks health care systems,” he added from New Zealand.
Dr. Toquitonga is a public health expert and former Commissioner of the World Health Organization and is now a teacher at the University of Auckland Medical School.
He says: “These countries are small and fragile, and most of them do not have breathing aids, and if the epidemic breaks out, their population will be destroyed.”
He added: “Many of the people of these countries live in difficult health conditions, and many of them suffer from diabetes and heart and chest diseases, which are the most affected by the Corona virus.”
And if the epidemic spreads in any of these countries, it may send its patients abroad, but the saying seems easier here than the act, at a time when countries close their borders.
It would be better for these countries to stay away from the Coruna virus as long as possible, according to Dr. Toquitonga.
He added: “This isolation in the middle of a large ocean, which a triangle is always a problem for them, has become a source of protection for them.”
Corona virus has appeared in a very limited number of “closed” countries, with land borders only, such as Malawi, which is located in East Africa and is a closed country with a population of 18 million people, and which announced last Thursday the emergence of the first case, and said it was ready For an order.
Malawi declared a “disaster emergency”, closed schools, and canceled travel visas issued before March 20.
“He is confident that Malawi will deal with it,” said Dr. Peter Macpherson, a public health expert from the Liverpool-based College of Tropical Medicine in Liverpool. “She had an extra week or two to prepare.”
“We have been very affected by the AIDS epidemic in the past 30 years, and also by TB,” he added.
He went on to say that there is evidence that the Corona virus will reach everywhere on Earth, and that Malawi may be the last place to be hit by this epidemic.
Prof. Andy Titum, Professor of Demography and Epidemiology, University of Southampton, says: “On my own, I will bet on the small South Pacific islands that are far from being the last places the Corona virus will reach.”
He added: “In the current globalized economy, I doubt that anywhere will escape infection.”
He continued: “The closure may succeed as is the case in Nauru, but they will not last forever, as most countries of the world depend on some import from abroad, whether food, goods or tourism as well as exporting their products to abroad. Perhaps they will close completely, but the effect will be devastating, and in The end will open. ”
He cautioned that the number of cases has not yet approached a peak.
He said: “We all have closures and therefore (the virus) did not spread among the population, and a large sector is still not infected with it. And it is good for health systems, and also means that many people in this world can be infected, so we have to live with this virus for some time.”