Children and younger individuals, as it is axiomatic, may be fine if they become infected with an increased risk of suffering from acute conditions as the age increases.
As Covid-19 turns into a global pandemic, experts warn that we have to worry about the elderly, given that the mortality rate is 20 percent or more for people 80 and older.
It seems that many public health experts are angry about the apathy of many young people who post on social media their pictures having fun and fun with their comrades, not caring about appeals and advice, because they calculate that Covid-19 does not pose a danger to them, which gives them a false sense of security.
To clarify, no one is immune to HIV infection, the younger will infect them as Covid-19, and the disease will develop in a significant proportion of them and be more severe, and fewer than that will die. While the rates of serious cases and deaths may not be high for the younger ones, as is the case for the older ones, the available data confirm that the age alone does not make you indomitable.
Two things to consider when looking at the most vulnerable individuals. First, there is information indicating that men may be more likely than women to develop severe symptoms and death. This was evident in Wuhan, China, from where the virus began in December 2019, as men were dying faster than women. This was repeated in Italy, where hundreds die every day due to illness. However, more research remains needed to confirm the effects of the new corona on each sex.
The second thing that should not be overlooked is that the presence of one or more ailments in a person, especially the heart, diabetes, high blood pressure, lung disease and cancer, increases the risk of developing severe symptoms regardless of age.
Here are some of what we know about the effect of the emerging coronavirus on various age groups:
Children under 10 years
So far, the available data seem to support the idea that children are not particularly at risk of Covid-19, which is surprising and comfortable at the same time, because they are usually more susceptible to influenza infection.
Statistics in Spain, where as of Tuesday morning 35,212 cases and 2,316 deaths were recorded, 34 of the 129 cases recorded among children between 0 and nine years old required hospitalization, while one child required intensive care, while no deaths were recorded.
In Italy, South Korea and China, deaths have not yet been reported among those under 10, according to data from public sources gathered by the biotechnology investor and former scientist who uses the name Andy Biotech and whose account has more than 61,000 followers.
This age group covers infants and children approaching middle school age, and there is evidence that the youngest of these may see more severe cases of their older siblings at the primary level.
A study of more than 2,100 children in China whose findings were published in Pediatrics on March 16th found that children of all ages were exposed to Covid-19 even though the vast majority of them had mild symptoms and some had not experienced anything on The launch.
But it is interesting that only about a third of children in the sample confirmed their infection with the virus, while it was assumed that the remaining two-thirds were infected with the virus, meaning that these symptoms may have been caused by other diseases.
Cruz Zikner, who co-authored an article on the findings of the study, said the worst outcomes were in infants.
The study showed that about 30 percent of the cases considered “severe” and more than half of those considered “severe” were among children younger than one year old. Although the overall proportion is small (seven infants are in critical condition and 33 are in severe condition), it does show that younger children face a higher risk of encountering more serious conditions.
Another complication is that this group of young people can still transmit the disease to the oldest.
Teens between 10 and 19 years old
In Spain, out of 221 cases of people from 10 to 19 years old, 15 of them were hospitalized, at a rate of seven percent, none of them needed intensive care, while one person died among them.
Italy and South Korea have seen no deaths in this category, while China says 0.2 percent of these cases end with death.
In the United States, the authorities have not announced any deaths or any need for intensive care among those under 20 years of age until last week, and only a small percentage has been hospitalized at a rate of 1.6 percent.
Basic health status before infection with Covid-19, for adolescents, as they are for older adults, is an important factor in the impact of the disease on the person.
But the absence of health problems does not mean that the danger has passed. CNN reported that a 12-year-old girl who does not have pre-existing diseases has been admitted to a hospital in Atlanta, where she is seeking a respiratory device after suffering a novel corona.
Young people between 20 and 29 years old
In Spain, out of 1,285 cases of individuals between 20 and 29 years old, 183 of them were hospitalized, or 14 percent, and eight ended up in intensive care, or 0.6 percent, while four died, or 0.3 percent.
Italy and South Korea have not reported any deaths in this category, while China said 0.2 percent of these young people are killed by the disease.
Data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are included in the youth category, between 20 and 44 years old. 14.3 percent of these were hospitalized, 2 percent needed concentrated paranoia, and the mortality rate was 0.1 percent.
According to CDC As of Monday, 33,404 cases and 400 deaths had been recorded in the United States, while a website ofJohns Hopkins University He continues the spread of the disease around the world, that as of Tuesday morning, 46,450 injuries inside the American soil had reached 593 deaths.
So there is a greater proportion of the need to be hospitalized in this category compared to adolescents, and a relatively larger number of young adults ends up in the intensive care unit. While death rates remain low for them, the loss of lives is already recorded.
Adults between 30 and 49 years old
Of the 5127 cases in this group in Spain, 1028 were transferred to hospitals, or 20 percent. And 55 were admitted to the intensive care unit, or 1.1 percent, and three died between 30 and 49, or 0.2 percent.
Italy has declared a mortality rate of 0.3 percent, 0.2 percent in China, and 0.1 percent in South Korea in this age group.
In America, the CDC is included in the youth category between 20 and 44 years old. As previously mentioned, 14.3 percent of these were hospitalized, two percent needed concentrated paranoia, and the mortality rate was 0.1 percent.
For people between 45 and 54 years old, CDC reports that 21.2 percent were hospitalized, 5.4 percent were hospitalized, while 0.5 percent died.
So this category is witnessing a large number of hospitalization needs. CDC numbers are a good example of the difference in risk within these age groups, as the odds of hospitalization, the need for intensive care and death seem to increase from the early 1940’s to the late 1940’s. The same trend is observed in Spain, where hospitalization rates jumped from 17 percent for ages 30 to 39, to 23 percent for people between 40 and 49 years of age.
People close to retirement age – 50 to 69 years
Of the 6,152 cases in this group in Spain, 2166 were hospitalized at a rate of 36 percent, 221 went to the intensive care unit or an average of 3.7 percent, and 83 people between the ages of 50 and 69 died, at a rate of 1.4 percent.
Collectively, Italy, China and South Korea recorded mortality rates from 0.4 percent to 3.6 percent for people in this group.
For those between the ages of 45 and 54 in the United States, CDC reports that 21.2 percent were hospitalized, 5.4 percent was placed in intensive care, and 0.5 percent died. For those between 55 and 64 years old, 20.5 percent were hospitalized, 4.7 percent ended in intensive care, and 1.4 percent died.
As for the largest persons in this group who are between the ages of 65 and 74 years, the rate of hospital admission reaches 28.6 percent, and the need for intensive care is 8.1 percent, while deaths are 2.7 percent.
So for people over the age of 50, the risks increase steadily due to their age and because they likely have other health problems that increase the risk to them. According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, nearly half of Americans between the ages of 55 and 64 suffer from at least one prior illness.
So all of them are in the high-risk category, as a large minority is hospitalized, while some die out of every 100 people. The risks increase if they have heart or lung problems, or if they suffer from diabetes or cancer.
Elderly people – 70 and above
Spain announced that out of 6,152 cases in this group, 3,888 people were hospitalized, or 55 percent, and 199 were admitted to the intensive care unit, or 3.2 percent. 705 died, aged 70 years or older, or 11.4 percent.
Italy, China and South Korea revealed mortality rates from 6.2 percent to 20.2 percent among those in this age group.
In America, for those between 75 and 84 years old, hospital admission was 30.5 percent, intensive care 10.5 percent, and death 4.3 percent. The rates increase for those aged 85 years and over, as 31.3 percent were hospitalized, 6.3 percent were placed in the intensive care unit, and 10.4 percent died.
The need to stay in the intensive care unit is low for the elderly, as the disease progresses so quickly that they do not even have access to the intensive care.
So, as is known since the Covid-19 outbreak around the world, the disease harms the elderly more than others, as the available data indicate that people in this age group are more likely to need hospitalization and are more than dying in the end.
As for the rest of the groups, the risk is less severe but it exists, which requires each person to be aware of how his current health can make him more vulnerable to infection.
Everyone, regardless of age or health status, must play its role and adhere to the advice and guidance of medical authorities, such as social divergence, in order to protect the most vulnerable.