The departure of Abdel-Halim Khaddam … the opposition authority man

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The departure of Abdel-Halim Khaddam … the opposition authority man

Khaddam served as Vice President and Minister of Foreign Affairs (AFP)
The departure of Abdel-Halim Khaddam ... the opposition authority man

March 31
                            2020

Abdel Halim Khaddam, who is now 88 years old in his exile in Paris, is one of the prominent faces in modern Syrian politics, as he worked with the current Syrian regime president Bashar al-Assad and his father, Hafez al-Assad, for nearly three decades, during which he held important leadership positions.

Khaddam served as Vice President, Minister of Foreign Affairs, member of the ruling Baath Party, Governor of Quneitra, and Governor of Hama. He also worked for a long time in charge of the Lebanese file, then the Iraqi file, and he held for 37 days the position of acting president, after the death of Hafez al-Assad in 2000.
Khaddam split from the regime in December 2005, after his relationship with the regime’s president deteriorated to reside in Paris, with the help of the sons of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, who accuses the Syrian regime and the Lebanese Hezbollah of masterminding his assassination.
Khaddam was born in 1932 in the city of Baniyas on the Syrian coast, and joined political work early, where he joined the Syrian Baath Party at the age of seventeen, and graduated from the Faculty of Law in Damascus. He assumed his first position as governor of Quneitra, the capital of the occupied Golan in 1966, until the end of 1967. During June 1967, he issued a statement from the Syrian Radio in his capacity as governor of Quneitra in which he announced the fall of the city to Israel, at the direction of the then Minister of Defense, Hafez al-Assad, 18 hours ago. From its actual fall.

After that, Khaddam was appointed governor of his father-in-law, then governor of Damascus as Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade, then Minister of Foreign Affairs, and finally Vice President of the Republic in 1984. Khaddam served as the acting president for a period of 37 days after the death of Hafez al-Assad in June 2000 as his first deputy. During this period, it was decided to amend Article 83 of the Constitution to suit the candidacy of Bashar al-Assad, the son of the President for the presidency, by amending the age of the President of the Republic from 40 years to 34 years, to match with Omar Bashar al-Assad at the time, who also promoted him from the rank of colonel to the rank of team and appointed him commander. A year for the armed forces.

Khaddam had a great role in suppressing the Lebanese civil war, as well as the assassinations in Lebanon that occurred from 1975 to 1990. He played an important role in preparing for the tripartite agreement in 1985 and the Taif agreement in 1989.
Khaddam took over the file of Syrian-Lebanese relations, before Hafez Al-Assad transferred the file to his son Bashar Al-Assad in 1998, in the context of the preparations he was making for his succession to power. Khaddam continued under Bashar al-Assad as vice president, and took over the Iraqi file.
After his asylum in Paris, he said, in repeated press statements, that he was fully convinced that Bashar al-Assad had given the Syrian intelligence the order to assassinate former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in February 2005.

And in his exile in 2006, Khaddam established the National Salvation Front, which includes Syrian opponents, most notably the Muslim Brotherhood, which announced its withdrawal from it in the wake of the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip at the end of the last month of 2008.

The first Military Criminal Court in Damascus issued a decision in August 2008 sentencing in absentia 13 prison terms to various terms, the most severe of life imprisonment and hard labor, for various charges, most notably “the criminal slander of the Syrian leadership and giving false testimony before the International Commission of Inquiry on the Hariri killing, writings And speeches not passed by the Syrian government. ”
Khaddam is married to Mrs. Najat Marqabi, and has four children, three males and one female.

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