Source: Arabic.Net – Jamal Nazi
It is difficult for a person not to feel anxious and afraid when reading about an infection Corona Virus Which is spreading in the world quickly. Of course, many people want to know what they are doing about preventing infection with the Corona virus, what are the risks to the elderly or sick and how to self-quarantine, so the British Daily Mail asked some of the world’s leading experts for answers about the dangerous Corona virus.
How is infection transmitted with corona virus?
The flu virus spreads like a cough and sneezes. Once infected, it multiplies and spreads to the tissues that line the bronchi. Mucus and saliva secretions are released from these tissues, which in turn contain the virus. When an infected person coughs, sneezes or simply speaks, small drops of moisture fly into the air, carrying the virus outside the body. And infection can be caused by touch, as when the virus carrier covers the cough or sneeze with its hand and then touches anything that other people touch, such as a door handle or a bell button, the virus is transmitted to their hands and fingers and then to the mouth or nose where the virus can be transmitted.
The World Health Organization (WHO) says the Coruna virus can live on rooftops for several days, and Gunter Kampf of the University of Greifswald in Germany says that such viruses can be eliminated by antiseptics such as alcohol, but many things that humans touch daily are not cleansed. In transportation or public buildings permanently.
Alistair Miles, head of epidemiological informatics, at the Wellcome Center for Human Genetics, advises that you should stop touching faces completely before washing your hands thoroughly with soap and water or using a strong antiseptic.
Miles explains that wearing a muzzle is a good idea, but there is not much good evidence that it can reliably prevent infection, warning that the threat of the Corona virus is expected to continue until next winter, and may eventually become a seasonal infection, and returns every winter .
Could the Corona virus kill anyone who gets it?
It depends to some extent on the age of the person infected with the Covid-19 virus, almost no symptoms of the virus in children, and even children in China have had no injuries or deaths under the age of ten. The main concern about children is that if they become infected with the virus, they may pass it on to older individuals at risk. For this reason, some countries decided to suspend school and close schools.
According to the latest data from the China Center for Disease Control, death rates range from 0.2 to 0.4% between the ages of ten and fifty, but the proportions rise after these ages. The probability of dying as a result of corona infection reaches 1.3% among the fifties, and the risks increase to 3.6% in the sixties and eight% in the seventies, and exceeds 14.8% among those who exceeded eighty years.
The risks increase with age because the elderly often suffer from other diseases, such as cancer or conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or lung disease, which get worse with the Coronavirus.
What are the symptoms that occur from infection with the Corona virus?
The main symptoms known to date are suffering from coughing, high fever, or shortness of breath, especially among those who have already visited or mixed with people who have visited parts of mainland China or South Korea, Hong Kong, Japan, Macau, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, or Thailand in another. 14 days or other regions of northern Italy (anywhere north of Pisa, Florence and Rimini), Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, or Vietnam since February 19.
What are the steps to follow when some or all of these symptoms appear?
The helpline should be contacted if the person believes that he or she is infected or is in close contact with an infected person. Noting that no matter if a person is in a high-risk area, if he does not have symptoms of corona within 14 days, he is not infected with the virus.
How does a person with isolation or self-quarantine?
Experts explain that self-quarantine is to stay at home for 14 days, with a commitment to wear a protection mask for the rest of the family or its nurse. And avoid going to public areas such as parks, shops or clubs, taking care not to use public transportation or using taxis.
It is advised to avoid receiving visitors and wearing a medical glove when touching things, noting that the money that is paid to delivery workers is not touched by the naked hand, and it is preferable to ask the professionals to place purchases abroad where you can receive them without direct dealing.
Those in their families should make sure to stay in a separate, well-ventilated room and use special towels that have been sterilized and cleaned well. They must wear a muzzle when going to the kitchen or toilets to avoid transmitting the infection to other individuals.
What are the preventive measures if the virus begins to spread between family members or in a city?
Peter Sandman, risk expert, says the person must first think “about how to take care of infected family members while avoiding being infected personally”.
Plastic gloves should be worn in the event of caring for a sick person, with surgical masks that are replaced first-hand. A child care plan must be arranged if one of the parents is infected, whether through relatives or neighbors.
When in public places, hands should be washed frequently with soap or at least with an alcohol-based hand cleaner, to avoid any virus transmitting from any surface or door handle and other things that can transmit the infection. If you have to touch a surface in a public place, it must be taken not to touch the face, eyes, nose, or mouth before washing your hands thoroughly. Those wearing gloves to prevent transmission must remember to take off the gloves before touching the face as well. And take into account the use of tissue paper when pressing the elevator buttons or opening doors and do not need to shake hands by hand in general. You should strictly adhere to sneezing or coughing in a tissue or with the elbow bent and exhaling into the sleeve of the coat in case the tissue cannot be reached quickly.
Is there a risk in traveling in general now?
Experts advise to avoid traveling to places where the disease is highly prevalent, there is no good reason not to do so, as there may be people infected with the virus at airports, railway stations or other places. In cases of extreme necessity, the precautions and precautionary measures announced by the World Health Organization and government health agencies in different countries must be strictly adhered to. In the case of traveling to other unaffected areas, Dr. Carmen internationally, head of the International Health Regulations Secretariat of the World Health Organization, says: “Air travel is not dangerous at all and travelers do not need to cancel their plans unless their destination is from the areas that were prevented from visiting.”
IATA publishes lists and maps of destinations to which travel is prohibited. And when traveling by plane, the hands must be cleaned continuously with antiseptics, use tissue paper when coughing or sneezing and dispose of them in a plastic bag, before placing them in the litter box.
Does the virus infect pets like dogs and cats?
The World Health Organization indicates that there is no evidence of cats or dogs being involved in this virus. According to Jonathan Paul, professor of molecular virology at the University of Nottingham, reports last week that there was a positive test result of a dog in Hong Kong infected with a SK virus infection was crucially inaccurate.