The United Nations issued a report on the conflict in Libya and the use of both parties to the conflict by drones and jet fighters in the fighting around the capital, Tripoli, last April, and, according to the international organization, more than 280 civilians were killed, 363 others were injured and more than 140,000 people were displaced.
The UN Security Council called on the conflicting parties in Libya to reach an immediate agreement to stop the fighting.
According to the report issued by the office of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, on Tuesday, the forces of eastern Libya, led by General Khalifa Haftar, carried out 850 air strikes with drones, as well as 170 raids with jet aircraft, including 60 precision-guided raids by foreign fighter planes.
The forces of the Al-Wefaq government, recognized internationally, headed by Fayez al-Sarraj in Tripoli, carried out 250 air strikes by drones during the same period.
The report indicated that journalists continued to be injured while covering the clashes in the vicinity of the Libyan capital, as well as other journalists being arbitrarily detained by the Al-Wefaq government.
Guterres expressed his concern that the member of the House of Representatives, Siham Serquiwa, has disappeared for months in the city of Benghazi, which is controlled by Haftar forces.
In an official statement, the UN Security Council member states said they “urge the Libyan parties to participate constructively in the Five + Five Committee in order to reach a ceasefire agreement as soon as possible.”
The Committee of Five + Five, which was agreed to be formed at the Berlin Summit last Sunday, consists of five members from each of the government recognized by the United Nations in Tripoli, and the forces of Haftar. The commission is supposed to determine ways to strengthen the cessation of hostilities.
Libya is suffering from external interference that has complicated the situation and breached the arms embargo imposed on it since 2011.
Al-Sarraj said, in an interview with the BBC from the German capital, Berlin, that foreign interference is the real reason behind the exacerbation of the Libyan crisis.
He stressed that his government did not hesitate to cooperate with any party to repel what he described as the attack, in answer to a question regarding the recruitment of Syrian fighters to Tripoli through Turkey.
The Siraj government had signed a memorandum of understanding in maritime security and rights with Turkey in late November 2019, and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that he would send troops to Libya to help the Siraj government militarily “in the fight against terrorism.”
The forces led by Haftar are also supported by regional actors, represented in Egypt and the UAE, in addition to the presence of Russian fighters through the Russian security company Wagner. Russian President Vladimir Putin has said before that if such fighters exist, they “do not represent the Russian state and there is no official support for them.”