Doctors have warned that our waist size, not weight, could be the key or guide when it comes to the risk of a fatal heart attack.
Visceral fat, which collects around the abdomen, is among the most dangerous types of fat. It is known that being overweight in the abdomen increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, in addition to heart disease.
Now, a new study warned that “a large middle-aged waist size” also puts survivors of a heart attack at a second risk.
Experts at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden found that men with a waist measurement of 94 cm or more, and women with a waist measuring 80 cm or more around the waist, were “obese” and were most at risk. This is because abdominal obesity accelerates arterial blockage, increases blood pressure, high blood sugar and insulin resistance.
Scientists are now urging people to try to reduce belly fat, to reduce the chances of a heart attack.
The study’s author, Dr. Haneya Mohammadi, said: “Abdominal obesity not only increases your risk of a heart attack or initial stroke, but also increases the risk of recurring events after the first setback. Therefore, maintaining a healthy waist is important to prevent heart attacks and strokes in The future, regardless of how many drugs you might take or how healthy your blood tests are. This condition can be treated with a healthy, balanced diet and regular physical activity.
Tips for burning belly fat:
1- Improve your sleep
Getting enough sleep helps reduce body fat by suppressing cravings for food and keeping your appetite under control.
All this is due to two “hunger hormones”: ghrelin and leptin.
Ghrelin is released after the brain indicates that the stomach is empty, while leptin is released from the fat cells to quell hunger.
However, when you do not get enough sleep, the body produces more ghrelin and less leptin, which makes you feel hungry and increase your appetite.
2- Stop eating too much sugar
Sugar causes insulin to be released, which in turn encourages the body to store fat, especially around the waist.
3- Doing sports
Aerobic activities such as running, biking and swimming increase calories burned, while vigorous training like weightlifting or using body weight helps build muscle.
And the more muscles we have, the faster our metabolism, so that we burn more calories, even during rest.
4- Reducing stress factors
Stress leads to elevated levels of cortisol – known as the stress hormone – that contribute to fat storage, especially in the abdominal area.
Stress can also lead to a decrease in fat oxidation, a process that allows fat to be burned as energy. This means that you do not necessarily have to consume more food to lose weight.
Scientists’ warning of belly fat comes after a Stockholm team analyzed the relationship between obesity in the abdomen and the risk of a heart attack or stroke.
They analyzed more than 22,000 patients who experienced the first heart attack.
The team investigated the relationship between waist measurement and the risk of a second heart attack, or stroke. It turned out that those who experienced a second heart attack were more likely to suffer from “abdominal obesity”.
The study was published in the European Journal of Preventive Heart Disease, a journal of the European Heart Association (ESC).
Source: The Sun