This condition is called a “ringworm”, because the fungi cause circular marks on the skin, often having raised borders and a flat center.
Fungi attack hair follicles, causing hair in the area to be affected by breakage, shedding and weakness, leaving small areas of baldness (alopecia), there may also be small black spots on the scalp.
Inflammation of the tinea capitis is common in immunocompromised people and children, especially under the age of ten, but it can affect any age.
Causes of inflammation of the tinea capitis
Skin fungi thrive on dead tissues, especially those that are warm and moist, and a slight injury to the scalp will increase the risk of infection.
There are at least eight different types of skin fungi that can cause ringworm infection.
Symptoms of ringworm inflammation
Symptoms may differ depending on the type of infection of the skin fungi, the type of hair, and the response of the individual’s immune system. In some people, the infection may only be achieved after close examination reveals a small number of hair.
Others may develop a severe inflammatory, intense pain called kerion, this is generally limited to a specific area, although sometimes a large part of the scalp may be affected.
There is a large hair loss in the area and any remaining hairs are easily pulled out.
Drainage of pus and swollen lymph nodes.
Pus is usually an inflammatory response to the fungus itself rather than a secondary bacterial infection, although sometimes bacteria are present.
Itching may or may not be present, but in all cases the characteristic symptoms are partial hair loss with a degree of inflammation and swelling that may resemble dandruff.
There may be many infection spots.
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