Some of the topics discussed by British newspapers in their paper and digital versions Tuesday: the consequences of the decision of the Libyan military leader Khalifa Haftar to close oil pipelines, and an explanation of the dispute settlement mechanism in Iran’s nuclear agreement.
The Guardian newspaper published a report by diplomatic affairs correspondent Patrick Wintor about the decline in Libyan oil exports and the impact of the war between forces loyal to former General Khalifa Haftar and the internationally recognized Libyan government forces headed by Fayez al-Sarraj.
“Hifter almost completely ignores international calls to stop the civil war in Libya, which has caused Libyan oil exports to drop to almost zero,” Wintour says.
He adds that Haftar refused to cooperate in an international conference on Libya, which was aimed at establishing a government of national reconciliation and dividing oil revenues between the east and west of Libya in a fair manner, and insists so far on escalating financial pressure on the Saraj government in Tripoli by stopping the production of oil fields, which he controls most of them, As he stopped pumping oil into the pipes that carry him to the refineries in Libyan ports.
Wintor, quoting unofficial Russian diplomatic reports, notes that Hifter refused to sign anything during the Berlin conference, also hung up his phone and ignored some meetings at the conference before he left.
The correspondent explains that the first sign of how serious Haftar is to abide by a treaty will be the commitment of his forces to a ceasefire and sending representatives to the meetings of the United Nations Ceasefire Commission in Geneva, which aims to establish an initial structure for a government of national reconciliation.
Throttle thaThe product of oil.
The Daily Telegraph published a report to its correspondent, Rav Sanchez, on developments in Libya, entitled “Hifter suffocates oil production in Libya.”
Sanchez says that Haftar insists on the blockade and strangulation of the internationally recognized Libyan government led by Fayez al-Sarraj in Tripoli, despite the meeting of Russian President Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and other leaders in Berlin last Sunday to renew his call for a ceasefire. But all this dwindled before the crisis of stopping oil production.
Sanchez points out that despite the long time that the two sides have been fighting, they have always been keen to keep oil production and export in isolation from the Civil War, which Haftar recently violated as his forces prevented the flow of oil in transport pipelines from the fields under his control to the ports and refineries that It is controlled by OS.
Sanchez explains that preliminary estimates indicate that Libyan oil exports will decrease daily by 1.2 million barrels to 72,000 barrels only, which led to high prices of oil contracts in the global market, reflecting the lack of confidence of investors in the possibility of resolving the crisis soon.
Nuclear Conflict Mechanism
The Independent Online published a report, “How Does the Mechanism of Conflict Work in the Nuclear Deal with Iran?”
The report initially indicates Iranian threats to withdraw from the International Convention for the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons if European countries refer them to the United Nations Security Council under the pretext of violating the terms of the nuclear agreement they signed with major international powers in 2015.
The report shows that Germany, France and Britain activated the clauses governing the agreement that the United States withdrew from in 2018, pointing out that the European step is the strongest ever since the agreement was signed, which stipulated reducing uranium enrichment on Iranian soil in exchange for easing economic sanctions.
1- A joint committee
The report says that the first step in the dispute mechanism is to refer it to a joint committee between the parties to the treaty: Iran, Russia, Britain, France, Germany and the European Union. The United States will not participate in it after its withdrawal. The committee will have 15 days to resolve the crisis unless its members unanimously agree to extend the deadline.
2- The Foreign Ministers Committee
The second step after that comes by referring the dispute to the Committee of Foreign Ministers of the States Parties, where they also have 15 days to reach a satisfactory solution unless a unanimous decision is taken to extend the deadline. The complaining party or the complainant against him may request simultaneously to refer the dispute to a tripartite advisory committee, the complainant party chooses a representative and the complainant chooses another representative while the third member is neutral. The committee’s decision is not binding and should be announced within 15 days.
3- Reviewing the joint committee
In the event that the dispute is not resolved 30 days after the activation of the dispute mechanism, it will be returned to the Joint Review Committee, giving it 5 days to present any suggestions that would solve the crisis.
4- The behavior of the complainant
In the event that the dispute is not resolved, the complaining party has the right to take the necessary actions or behaviors, so that it is in a solution of abiding by the terms of the agreement, whether in whole or in part. He shall also be entitled to notify the members of the UN Security Council, explaining his point of view and the reasons for his belief that the other party has not complied with the terms of the agreement.
5- Vote in the Security Council
After notification, it will be necessary for the UN Security Council to vote on a resolution in this regard within 30 days. The decision is passed with the consent of 9 members and the non-use of the veto from any of the five permanent members.