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In the details, it is on average that humans currently live longer, but with age most of them live with chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer.
The longer a person lives, the greater the risk of developing chronic diseases.
However, the research team firmly demonstrated that lifestyle factors can make a significant difference in the risk of developing the disease with age in general. These factors include physical activity, smoking, diet, and weight.
“The studies show that smoking, inactivity, and poor diet quality contribute to up to 60% of premature deaths and a loss of 7.4 to 17.9 years in life expectancy,” the researchers explain.
Free from diseases
Although this is well known, there has been little research showing that a combination of lifestyle factors influences the length of time an individual becomes free of diseases.
To answer this question, the researchers obtained data from the results of two scientific studies on nurses’ health, which included information from 73,196 nurses, and a follow-up study of health professionals, and included 38,366 male professionals.
Lifestyle and health
Scientists calculated the lifestyle score from 0-5 per participant, and 4 low-risk lifestyle factors were evaluated in terms of healthy weight, non-smoking, and exercise. Sports Duration at least 30 minutes a day, and follow a good quality diet.
Genetic component, age and race
The researchers followed the information and data of the participants over many years, and recorded diagnoses and deaths from cancer, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
As part of their analyzes, they extracted a range of factors, including family medical history, age, and ethnicity.
For women under 50 years old
The researchers found that women who have not reached the age of 50 and are committed to avoiding some of the four factors of a low-risk lifestyle can expect to live without cancer, diabetes and heart disease for another 24 years.
Those who avoid all four risk factors can expect an additional 34 years free of disease.
Men 50 years old
Also, men who reach the age of 50, and who have not made the mistake of following certain high-risk lifestyles, can live an additional 24 years free of chronic diseases.
Men who are 50 years old, and who have successfully adhered to all of the low-risk lifestyle factors, can live an additional 31-year period free of chronic diseases.
The dangers of smoking and obesity
Men who smoke more than 15 cigarettes a day, and anyone with obesity, has the lowest rate of disease-free life expectancy after 50 years. Researchers summarize it as follows:
Scientists also found that men and women with 3 or 4 low-risk lifestyle factors, who received a diagnosis of cancer, cardiovascular disease, or type 2 diabetes, lived longer than individuals with the same diagnoses, and those who did not abstain from the risk factors On health.
“A healthy lifestyle not only reduces the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, but also improves survival after being diagnosed,” the researchers say.
The researchers note that it is necessary to know that the results of the study are observational, so a causal relationship cannot be concluded, and the limitation of low risk lifestyle factors may also involve some inevitable measurement errors.
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