Jeddah – Yasser bin Yousef
Messages on social media raised a great controversy about the relationship of fear with diabetes, as one of the messages carried the content that a teacher reprimanded a student out loud, causing her intense fear and causing it – according to the message – to the pancreas malfunction and her diabetes, and another message stating that another teacher threatened a student Punished because she did not perform the duty, which led to her diabetes, and these messages have caused fear among parents, which called them to communicate with doctors to know such “allegations.” A report issued by the National Center for Health Information and Education in the Ministry of Health in the Kingdom showed that the incidence of bitter
Diabetes mellitus increases with age, and this percentage in Saudi Arabia reached 13.4 percent for the age groups of 15 years and over, and 50.4 percent among those aged 65 years and over, and 45 percent of the patients are not aware of their diabetes.
“Al-Balad” carried the presidency of the concerns of the families of children and met a number of doctors who refuted the allegations of social media messages, stressing that there is a package of repercussions related to diabetes in children, including that during the past 20 years obesity has spread widely among groups of children, adults, adolescents and youth all over the world Including Saudi society, which led to an increase in the emergence of type II diabetes in these age groups, noting at the same time that this type of diabetes was not known in previous decades except in adults and the elderly, and it is estimated that new cases of th The second pattern among the children’s slides is 3000 new cases annually in the Kingdom. This number is considered large and frightening, mainly due to the prevalence of obesity.
And the doctors continued that many medical studies showed that many of the children of our Saudi society suffer a noticeable increase in weights that do not agree with their lengths as a result of increasing eating fast foods and not exercising any sports activity, sitting long hours on electronic devices and eating foods that contain high levels of fat And increase the intake of soft drinks.
In this context, Professor and Consultant Endocrinologist at the Faculty of Medicine at King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, Professor Abdel Moeen Al-Agha, explained that everything that came in those messages is not entirely correct and detailed, as the first type of diabetes is due to the formation of autoimmune bodies and they attack many beta cells that secrete insulin and produce The lack of this hormone is excreted by the pancreas channel, and the second type of diabetes is acquired and the cause of obesity is insulin sensitivity in the body, and both types of treatment regimen are determined by doctors.
Professor Al-Agha advised that children should be directed to get rid of wrong eating habits and (parents represent role models) in this aspect, in addition to self-control and habituation to correct behaviors, including moderation in eating, and taking advantage of the walkways spread within neighborhoods in the practice of walking and treating osteoporosis And a lack of vitamin D. And also short stature if any case within the family.
He pointed out that it is frequent from time to time on social media to spread incorrect and exaggerated messages in its contents that lead to spreading confusion among the community, stressing the importance of not intimidating children in order to avoid psychological and social repercussions.
The endocrine consultant concluded that the ways to prevent diabetes are eating healthy foods rich in vegetables and fruits, avoiding ready-to-eat, high-calorie and high-fat meals, reducing sweets, quitting smoking, moving away from gathering sites for smokers, and ensuring exercise.
Al-Agha added that eating unhealthy meals by children greatly contributed to the spread of obesity among them, especially as this link between unhealthy eating and lack of exercise is a major cause of diabetes.
The doctor added that we should raise the state of alert to change the children’s health system by creating ample spaces for exercise, providing a healthy, balanced eating, and preventing fast food and harmful soft drinks to reduce the spread of obesity.
Complications of the disease
As for ophthalmology consultant Dr. Yasser Attia Al Mazrouei, he says: First I confirm that there is no relationship between intimidation and diabetes, and everything that came in the spread message is not based on scientific facts, so it is known medically that when the beta cells in the pancreas are affected, the amount of insulin will decrease. Detachment gradually, and this process continues for many years, if this case is accompanied by the presence of “insulin resistance”, then this mixture of insulin has a small amount and a low level of potency, which leads to a deviation from the proper level of glucose (sugar) in the blood, in which case The definition of a person with diabetes, The problem of diabetes is not limited to the disease itself, but there are many complications that affect other parts of the body.
Diabetes may lead to: a gradual rise in blood pressure, distinct disorders of the blood lipids, especially high triglycerides, a decrease in the high-density lipoprotein (HDL cholesterol) and diabetics generally have distinct damage to the kidneys, in the retina of the eyes, In the nervous system, however, complications from diabetes vary depending on the type of diabetes.
Al-Mazrouei stressed the necessity of not handling any messages, especially if they are linked to diseases, and the need to extract information from its scientific and reference sources, especially from the treating physician, to avoid occurrence in matters that may cause serious complications to the patient’s health.
On fear and its repercussions on the health of the individual, social researcher Talal Muhammad Al-Nashiri says: Diabetes has its causes, nor is it true what was reported by a widespread message in society that fear afflicts a person with diabetes. And while psychologists have known fear that it is a feeling that affects the mind of a person awaiting the occurrence of a negative thing that has a risk Certainly, this feeling may be real, or just a fantasy and an illusion that does not exist, and the cause of fear is due to several reasons that scientists and psychiatrists have described as purely psychological and behavioral products that individuals who expect to see something happen to them in general, and internal hormonal disorders may be caused by Thousand danger For the person Alkhaiv.ookd that sugar levels may rise in the blood in cases of anxiety and fear when the patient is mainly sugar.
The causes are known
As for the consultant psychiatrist, Dr. Muhammad Ijaz Barasha, he said that diabetes has known and specific causes, including what is hereditary such as the first type of diabetes, and the other is acquired as the second type, and both have factors and a treatment system.
And that the symptoms of fear are usually sudden feeling of panic and terror, an increase in the speed of the heartbeat, chest pain sometimes, a feeling of instability or a feeling of dizziness with difficulty breathing, numbness in the extremities, an increase in the amount of sweat and a feeling of stomach fatigue and all of these symptoms are treated after being diagnosed by a specialist doctor.
He concluded at the end of his speech that diabetes is of two types: diabetes of the first type and this type occurs as a result of the pancreas not producing insulin, as a result of the immune system attacking and destroying the beta cells in the pancreas producing insulin, and it is also called insulin-dependent diabetes and juvenile diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes may be hereditary, that is, it appears in certain families.
As for type 2 diabetes, it occurs due to resistance in the body cells of the hormone insulin or insufficient amount of insulin in the pancreas, as a result of several factors, the most important of which are weight gain and lack of physical activity, as well as heredity, and has nothing to do with anger or anguish. It is also called non-insulin dependent diabetes and adult diabetes. Hence, there is no truth that fear affects children with diabetes.
He added that the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes might be confusing at first. Suddenly you and your child must learn to give injections, calculate the amount of carbohydrates, and monitor blood sugar.
Type 1 diabetes requires ongoing care. Progress in monitoring blood sugar and insulin delivery leads to improved daily control of the condition.
Risk factors for diabetes in children Medical statistics confirm that if a person has one of his parents or siblings with type 1 diabetes, he will have a slightly increased risk of developing this condition, because genetic predisposition. The presence of some genes indicates the risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
Also, race in the United States, type 1 diabetes is more common among non-Hispanic white children compared to other races. No specific nutrient or nutrient appeared in childhood to play a role in the emergence of type 1 diabetes. However, consuming cow’s milk at an early age was associated with an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes, while breastfeeding may reduce the risk of developing it. The timing of serving pills in a child’s diet may also affect your risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
Complications of type 1 diabetes develop gradually. If your blood sugar levels are not well controlled over a long period of time, complications from diabetes may eventually impede or be life-threatening.
Complications include cardiovascular disease. Diabetes also greatly increases a child’s risk of developing conditions, such as coronary artery disease associated with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), and high blood pressure later in life.
And nerve damage. Excess sugar can injure the walls of the small blood vessels that supply the baby’s nerves, especially in the legs. This may cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain. Nerve damage usually occurs gradually over a long period of time.
It also causes kidney damage. Diabetes can damage many small blood vessel groups responsible for filtering waste from a child’s blood. The severe damage leads to kidney failure or to the final stage of irreversible kidney disease, which requires dialysis or kidney transplant.
And eye injury. Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina, which may lead to poor vision and may cause blindness.