Source: Cairo – Ehab Serag El-Din
Madbouly presented Nuba residents with certificates of land ownership and alternative housing from which they were expelled to build the Aswan Reservoir and the High Dam.
The history of the construction of the High Dam and the displacement of Nuba villages
This story began in the year 1902, when he lived in that area located in the southernmost part of Egypt, near the Sudan border, about 18 thousand people, on an area extending along 350 km from the first waterfall to the second waterfall south of Aswan along the Nile River.
The Egyptian government and the British authorities then went to build a reservoir to protect Egypt from the Nile flood. A reservoir called the “Aswan Reservoir” was established, after a major flood that led to the sinking of 10 Nubian villages and the displacement of their residents.
In the year 1912, the government decided to raise the reservoir to face the high and successive floods, one of which led to the sinking of 8 other villages: Qorta, Al-Alaqi, Al-Siala, Al-Muharraq, Al-Aqsa, Al-Asbu, Wadi Al-Arab and Chatterme. The reservoir was also raised a second time in the year 1933 after the floods flooded 10 other villages.
Since the fifties of the last century, after the revolution of July 23, 1952, the late Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser thought about the construction of a dam in Aswan, so studies began to construct the High Dam, which necessitated the transfer of the remaining Nuba people. This was actually done in the year 1963, so the remaining Nuba residents moved to reside in Nasr Al-Nuba and Kom Ombo in Aswan.
After all those years, the current Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi decided to compensate the people affected by the Nuba people who left their lands and housing to construct the High Dam. The government formed a committee to pay compensation to these people, and opened the door for submitting requests for compensation by those who had never been compensated. Indeed, 6,350 eligible persons have applied for compensation, out of a total of 11,716 who are entitled to compensation.
The government revealed that 1740 beneficiaries requested compensation in cash, 205 requested compensation in kind by owning housing units in a number of Egypt’s governorates, 2126 beneficiaries requested ownership of arable land, and 2009 requested ownership of the land on which their current housing is located, and 187 beneficiaries requested legalization of the right to use the land on which they built, While 83 eligible persons requested to benefit from the country’s future plan for development.
20% of the beneficiaries have received compensation so far
Commenting on this topic, Massaad Harki, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the “Egyptian Nubian Foundation for Development”, said in an interview with “Al Arabiya.net”, that “Compensating the people of Nubia A good plan, “noting that” those who have been compensated so far represent only about 20% of the people of Nuba. ”
He added that “these compensation have nothing to do with the application of Article 236 of the Constitution, the last paragraph of which stipulates that the state will work to develop and implement projects that restore the Nuba population to their areas of origin and development within ten years, in the manner regulated by the law,” noting that “there is no left From the deadline set by the constitution only 4 years. ”
He considered that “the next step may be to legalize the conditions of the lands that are located behind the dam and determine the beneficiaries of them, because many of those affected have not yet submitted to the committee that provides compensation, either because they are not aware of the compensation committee or because the papers proving their grandparents ownership of the lands whose residents were displaced are not available. To the heirs so far. ”
Harki reminded that the Prime Minister indicated that the government has formed a committee headed by the Minister of Justice to count those who have not been compensated from the affected people, and after this committee finishes its work, it will compensate those who were not previously compensated from the Nuba people, according to their wishes.