Source: Dubai – Arabic.net
The trial is expected to hear the opening pleadings in the Republican majority with the Republican majority this week, and Tuesday’s vote may take place at the earliest on the rules governing the trial, and that includes deciding whether the House should consider calling at a later date to call witnesses, including the former Trump advisor. National Security, John Bolton.
Moreover, the 100-member assembly must decide on Trump’s conviction of the charges, which were approved by the House of Representatives, which is dominated by a democratic majority, on December 18.
Below is an explanation of the two charges, or “accountability clauses” that were approved by the House of Representatives.
Abuse of power
In the context of accountability, abuse of power is generally defined as the use of broad presidential powers for personal gain. The abuse of power that was mentioned in the two House of Representatives articles on the accountability of Trump withheld $ 391 million in security aid to Ukraine in a measure that Democrats described as aimed at pressuring Kiev to investigate with his political opponent, Joe Biden, the likely candidate for the Democratic Party in the third elections. From November 2020.
Abuse of power is not referred to as a violation that requires an accusation under the US Constitution, which stipulates that the president can be removed if he commits “treason or other major crimes and misdemeanors.” But many jurists say the founders of the United States intended to include the phrase “other major crimes and misdemeanors” on a large scale abuse of power.
And Alexander Hamilton, a famous American politician, wrote in 1788 that accountability measures will be initiated if “those crimes that result from misconduct of public office holders, or in other words, from abuse or breach of the Secretariat” are committed.
Abuse of power is one of the accusations in the context of President Richard Nixon, who resigned before the entire House of Representatives voted on the accusations. A House committee accused Nixon of conducting tax reviews of political opponents who were on his “roster of enemies”.
In addition, there was abuse of power as one of the items of President Bill Clinton’s accountability regarding his relationship with a White House trainee. But the majority of the House of Representatives voted against including this accusation in accountability. Clinton was ultimately held accountable for two counts of perjury and obstruction of justice, but the Senate did not condemn him.
Blocking the work of Congress
Democrats have also accused Trump of obstructing the work of Congress based on his refusal to cooperate with the House inquiry into his accountability. The White House refused to provide documents to congressional investigators and ordered senior advisers and government officials to reject subpoenas and refrain from testifying.
Nixon’s accountability clauses also included a contempt for Congress after rejecting summonses for illegal audio recordings.
It is reported that contempt of Congress is a crime under US law that defines this crime as willful failure to testify or provide documents to Congress. A different crime is obstructing the course of justice, which prohibits, more broadly, “interference with the organized administration of law and justice.”
In addition, the White House said that the constitution does not require the senior presidential advisers to appear forcibly to testify before Congress. A judge dismissed this argument on November 25 during a row over a request to summon Don McCagan, a former White House lawyer. The White House appealed that decision.
Trump’s lawyers considered that his refusal to cooperate with the investigation into his accountability was justified because the process was unfair to him.